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In addition to producing lethal antibiotics, microorganisms may also use a new form of antagonistic mechanism in which signal molecules are exported to influence the gene expression and hence the ecological competence of their competitors. We report here the isolation and characterization of a novel signaling molecule, cis-2-dodecenoic acid (BDSF), from(More)
Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAggEC) are diarrheal pathogens defined by aggregative adherence to HEp-2 cells. In an effort to identify pathogenic EAggEC isolates, four groups of 5 volunteers were fed 1 of 4 different EAggEC strains, each at a dose of 10(10) cfu. Strain 042 caused diarrhea in 3 of 5 adults; 3 other EAggEC isolates (17-2, 34b, and(More)
3.6. DSF-Dependent Biofilm Dispersal 167 4. DSF-Based QS Mechanisms in Other Organisms 168 4.1. Xylella fastidiosa 168 4.2. Xanthomonas axonopodis pv citri 168 4.3. Xanthomonas oryzae pv oryzae 168 4.4. Xanthomonas axonopodis pv glycines 169 4.5. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia 169 4.6. Burkholderia cepacia complex 169 4.7. Pseudomonas aeruginosa 170 5.(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa uses a hierarchical quorum sensing (QS) network consisting of las, pqs and rhl regulatory elements to coordinate the expression of bacterial virulence genes. However, clinical isolates frequently contain loss-of-function mutations in the central las system. This motivated us to search for a mechanism that may functionally substitute(More)
Strains of enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAggEC) have been implicated in several studies as important agents of persistent diarrhea among infants in the developing world. We have previously shown that the aggregative adherence (AA) property of EAggEC is associated with the presence of a 60-MDa plasmid which confers AA when introduced into E. coli(More)
Burkholderia cenocepacia produces the molecule cis-2-dodecenoic acid (BDSF), which was previously shown to play a role in antagonism against the fungal pathogen Candida albicans by interfering with its morphological transition. In this study, we show that production of BDSF is under stringent transcriptional control and the molecule accumulates in a cell(More)
Brevibacterium aureum DG-12, a new bacterial strain isolated from active sludge, was able to degrade and utilize cyfluthrin as a growth substrate in the mineral medium. Response surface methodology using central composite rotatable design of cultural conditions was successfully employed for optimization resulting in 88.6% degradation of cyfluthrin(More)
3-Phenoxybenzoic acid (3-PBA) is of great environmental concern with regards to endocrine disrupting activity and widespread occurrence in water and soil, yet little is known about microbial degradation in contaminated regions. We report here that a new bacterial strain isolated from soil, designated DG-02, was shown to degrade 95.6% of 50 mg·L(-1) 3-PBA(More)
Previous work has shown that Burkholderia cenocepacia produces the diffusible signal factor (DSF) family signal cis-2-dodecenoic acid (C(12):Delta(2), also known as BDSF), which is involved in the regulation of virulence. In this study, we determined whether C(12):Delta(2) production is conserved in other members of the Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) by(More)
Bt L-7601 is a UV resistant wild-type strain, which belongs to Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. dendrolimus serotype H4a4b. It was isolated from nature, and produced a dark brown pigment during the exponential phase of growth. Bt L-7601 had the ability to produce pigment in a general nutrition-abundant medium, which had no L-tyrosine. The pigment was(More)