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BACKGROUND Live, attenuated, orally-administered Salmonella strains are excellent vectors for vaccine antigens and are attractive as vaccines based on previous use of S. Typhimurium in animals. A Phase I dose escalation trial was conducted to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of three newly constructed recombinant attenuated Salmonella enterica serovar(More)
Alterations in T cell immunity occur with aging. Influenza causes significant morbidity and mortality in the elderly. We investigated the relationship of serum IgG responses with hemagglutinin inhibition (HI) antibody titers and the frequency of distinct T cell subsets in young and elderly people who received the inactivated influenza vaccine. Influenza(More)
Both live attenuated influenza vaccines (LAIV) and inactivated influenza vaccines (IIV) induce protective immunity against influenza. There is evidence that LAIV induces superior protection in children, whereas IIV may induce superior protection in adults. The immune mechanisms responsible for these differences have not been identified. We previously(More)
We report a rapid, higher throughput method for measuring neutralizing antibody to herpes simplex virus (HSV) in human sera. Clinical isolates and sera from the Herpevac Trial for Women were used in a colorimetric assay in which infection of tissue culture (lack of neutralization) was indicated by substrate metabolism by beta-galactosidase induced in the(More)
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