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It has been reported recently that bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) are able to differentiate into various neural cells both in vivo and in vitro (Egusa, H., Schweizer, F. E., Wang, C. C., Matsuka, Y., and Nishimura, I. (2005) J. Biol. Chem. 280, 23691-23697). However, the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. In this report, we have demonstrated(More)
Melanoma is the most dangerous skin cancer due to its highly metastatic potential and resistance to chemotherapy. Currently, there is no effective treatment for melanoma once it is progressed to metastatic stage. Therefore, further study to elucidate the molecular mechanism underlying the metastasis of melanoma cells is urgently required for the improvement(More)
Calcium carbonate (CaCO(3)) is one of the most abundant and important biominerals in nature. Due to its biocompatibility, biodegradability and nontoxicity, CaCO(3) has been investigated extensively in recent years for various fundamental properties and technological applications. Inspired by basic wall structures of cells, we report a protein-assisted(More)
The NG2 chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan-expressing neural cells (NG2 cells) have originally been considered as oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs). However, recent findings on their diverse functions and lineage heterogeneity demonstrated that the NG2 cells contain various sub-populations whose concrete features and therapeutic potential yet remained(More)
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