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Red blood cells (RBCs) based drug carrier appears to be the most appealing for protein drugs due to their unmatched biocompatability, biodegradability, and long lifespan in the circulation. Numerous methods for encapsulating protein drugs into RBCs were developed, however, most of them induce partial disruption of the cell membrane, resulting in(More)
Diabetes mellitus is characterized by hyperglycemia and is closely related to trace elements. Quite a few pregnant women suffer from impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Investigation of the changes of elemental contents in serum of the pregnant women with IGT and GDM is significant in the etiological research and cure of(More)
The purpose of this research was to develop polylactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) nanospheres surface modified with chitosan (CS). Mitoxantrone- (MTO-) loaded PLGA nanospheres were prepared by a solvent evaporation technique. The PLGA nanospheres surface was modified with CS by two strategies (adsorption and covalent binding). PLGA nanospheres of 248.4+/-21.0(More)
A synchrotron radiation X-ray fluorescence microprobe analysis technique was used to scan a slice of the femoral head from its periphery to its center, via cartilage, compact, and spongy zones in order to determine the distribution and the way inorganic substances are lost in bone tissue. The sample preparation and experimental apparatus are described in(More)
Methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-grafted-chitosan (mPEG-g-CS) conjugates were synthesized by formaldehyde linking method and characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and proton nuclear magnetic resonance ((1)H-NMR). The degree of substitution (DS) of methoxy poly (ethylene glycol) (mPEG) in the mPEG-g-CS molecules determined by (1)H-NMR ranged from(More)
This study designs a pH-sensitive nanoparticle carrier of methotrexate (MTX) and combretastatin A4 (CA4) based on pullulan for the combination therapy against hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Briefly, N-urocanyl pullulan (URPA) with the degree of substitution (DS) of 5.2% was synthesized and then conjugated with MTX to form MTX-URPA, in which MTX content was(More)
Graphene oxide (GO) has attracted enormous interests due to its extraordinary properties. Recent studies have confirmed the cytotoxicity of GO, we further investigate its mutagenic potential in this study. The results showed that GO interfered with DNA replication and induced mutagenesis at molecular level. GO treatments at concentrations of 10 and 100(More)
Water soluble quantum dots (QDs) have been prepared by hydrothermal method and characterized by ultraviolet irradiation, XRD, TEM, UV-Vis absorption spectrometer and fluorescence spectrometer. Then the QD-antibody-AFP probes (QD-Ab-AFP) were synthesized by chemical process and specifically labeled AFP antigen in PLC/PRF/5 liver cancer cells. The results(More)
Deoxycholic acid hydrophobically modified-carboxymethylated-curdlan (DCMC) conjugate was developed as a novel carrier for the anticancer drugs. Epirubicin (EPB), as a model drug, was physically loaded into DCMC self-assembled nanoparticles. EPB-loaded DCMC nanoparticles were almost spherical in shape and their size, in the range of 327.4-511.5 nm, increased(More)
A polymeric prodrug of cisplatin (CP) with simple chemical structure was synthesized based on pullulan and its therapeutic effects on human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were studied in vitro and in vivo. Briefly, CP was linked to pullulan monosuccinate (SUPA) via coordination bond to form prodrug of CP-SUPA with the CP weight content of 18.7%. CP-SUPA(More)