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Three very virulent infectious bursal disease virus (vvIBDV) strains were isolated from a single farm and shown to be phylogenetically related to the vvIBDV isolate UK661. In this study, a comparative analysis of the synonymous codon usage in the hypervariable region of theVP2 (vVP2) gene of the vvIBDV strains was done on viruses serially passaged in(More)
Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is an important cytokine involved in innate and acquired immunity. In this study, we cloned the full-length chicken IL-18 (ChIL-18) gene from specific-pathogen-free (SPF) chicken embryo spleen cells and provided evidence that the ChIL-18 gene in a recombinant plasmid was successfully expressed in chicken DT40 cells. ChIL-18(More)
Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) is a double-stranded RNA virus in the Birnaviridae family. Four pathotypes, attenuated, virulent, antigenic variant, and very virulent, have been identified. In this study, we examined the phylogenetic relationship of 25 field isolates that were collected from a single farm during 1989–2008. A sequence analysis of PCR(More)
OBJECTIVE In this study we showed the immunogenicity and protective efficacy of five pertactin recombinants against Bordetella bronchiseptica (Bb) challenge. METHODS AND RESULTS The complete coding sequence (2040 bp) of the prn gene (PRN) and its fragments,5'-terminal 1173 bp fragment (PN),3'-terminal 867 bp fragment (PC), two copies of region I (654 bp;(More)
The objectives of this study are to analyse the pollution status and spatial correlation of soil heavy metals and identify natural and anthropogenic sources of these heavy metals at different spatial scales. Two hundred and twenty-four soil samples (0-20 cm) were collected and analysed for eight heavy metals (Cd, Hg, As, Cu, Pb, Cr, Zn and Ni) in soils of(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a host-vector balanced lethal system of Salmonella typhimurium adenylate cyclase mutant, and detect its biological characteristics. METHODS We constructed SL1344ΔcyaΔasd mutant strain by recombinant suicide plasmid (pREAasd), and screened by two-step method, transformed pYA3493 plasmid containing the asd gene without resistance(More)
Histamine is an endogenous nitrogenous compound with extensive effects on immunologic cells and involved in many physiological functions. The current aim was to determine histamine levels in embryonic liver and its association with the pathogenicity of a very virulent infectious bursal disease virus (vvIBDV) isolate serially passaged in chicken embryos. A(More)
Although there are 125 predicted DNase Ⅱ-like family genes in the Trichinella spiralis genome, plancitoxin-1-like (Ts-Pt) contains the HKD motif, a typical conserved region of DNase Ⅱ, in N- and C-terminal. It is generally believed that histidine is the active site in DNase Ⅱ. To study the nuclease activity of recombinant Ts-Pt with mutations in the active(More)
In order to research immunogenicity of the recombinant rVP2-IL-2 fusion protein, we obtained the rVP2-IL-2 fusion protein using Pichia pastoris expression system, and then evaluated its potential to induce immune responses in chicken. The effect was determined in the form of protective anti-IBDV VP2 titers, antibodies (IgG1 and IgG2a), lymphocyte(More)
Salmonella enterica serovar Choleraesuis strain C500 is a live, attenuated vaccine that has been used in China for over 40 years to prevent piglet paratyphoid. The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential of attenuated Salmonella enterica serovar Choleraesuis C500 strain with a delta asd mutant as an effective live vaccine vector by the Asd+(More)
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