Yingyin Liu

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Methamphetamine (MA) abuse represents a growing problem in the USA with an increase of sudden death. To evaluate the immune function alterations due to chronic methamphetamine use, we examined C57BL/C mice with LP-BM5 retrovirus infection plus methamphetamine exposure. Mice were randomly assigned to the following groups: placebo, placebo(More)
The contribution of the parabrachial nucleus to the mediation of bladder contraction was examined in the rat. Constant infusion (0.1 ml/min) of saline or 0.2% acetic acid evoked normal or abnormal bladder contractions, respectively. Single unit activity was recorded in the parabrachial nucleus with tungsten microelectrodes. Seven units with activity that(More)
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