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This paper presents an optimal economic dispatch for power plants by using modified particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm. The economic dispatch problem in power systems is to determine the optimal combination of power outputs for all generating units in order that the total fuel cost can be minimized, furthermore, all practical constraints can be(More)
Stem cell‑derived hepatocyte precursor cells represent a promising model for clinical transplantation to diseased livers, as well as for establishment of in vitro systems for drug metabolism and toxicology studies. The present study aimed to establish a new method of induction of hepatocyte differentiation using various factors and evaluate the effect of(More)
PURPOSE Recent studies showed that oncolytic adenoviruses not only have capacity for destruction of tumors but also can be used as potential vectors to express therapeutic genes for therapy of cancer. However, better specificity and mode of transgene expression are required to improve the efficacy and safety if this vector is applied for clinical(More)
Although the pathogenetic mechanisms of diabetic nephropathy (DN) have not been elucidated thoroughly, an inflammatory mechanism has been suggested to contribute to its development and progression. Moncyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 is a chemokine that can attract macrophages and T cells from the circulation to the local kidney, then activate them, and(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the distribution of Ki67+ cells in breast cancer in relation to clinical-pathological parameters and prognosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS Ki67 expression status was detected in 1,086 breast cancer specimens using immunohistochemistry staining and examining the relationship between the Ki67+ cells' location. Subsequently,(More)
PURPOSE To translate the Breast Cancer and Lymphedema Symptom Experience Index (BCLE-SEI) into Chinese language and evaluate its psychometric properties among breast cancer survivors with and without lymphedema in China. METHODS The BCLE-SEI was translated from English to Chinese language using an integrative translation method. The Chinese version was(More)
Direct millimeter-wave (MMW) holographic imaging, which provides both the amplitude and phase information by using the heterodyne mixing technique, is considered a powerful tool for personnel security surveillance. However, MWW imaging systems usually suffer from the problem of high cost or relatively long data acquisition periods for array or single-pixel(More)
RATIONALE Sustained stress and elevated glucocorticoid reduces neurogenesis, whereas chronic treatment with antidepressants increases neurogenesis and blocks the effects of stress. Recently, TREK-1, a two-pore domain (K(2)p) potassium channel, has been shown to be involved in the mechanisms of major depression. OBJECTIVES This study aimed to investigate(More)
UNLABELLED The constitutive activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) participates in carcinogenesis through up-regulation of genes encoding apoptosis inhibitors and cell cycle regulators, such as Bcl-xL, cyclins D1 and D2, and c-myc. Suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) is one of the negative regulators of cytokine(More)