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In this work, we present three classes of methods to extract information from triangulated mobile phone signals, and describe applications with different goals in spatiotemporal analysis and urban modeling. Our first challenge is to relate extracted information from phone records (i.e., a set of time-stamped coordinates estimated from signal strengths) with(More)
Invading pathogens have unique molecular signatures that are recognized by Toll-like receptors (TLRs) resulting in either activation of antigen-presenting cells (APCs) and/or costimulation of T cells inducing both innate and adaptive immunity. TLRs are also involved in T-cell development and can reprogram Treg cells to become helper cells. T cells consist(More)
The estimation of commuting flows at different spatial scales is a fundamental problem for different areas of study. Many current methods rely on parameters requiring calibration from empirical trip volumes. Their values are often not generalizable to cases without calibration data. To solve this problem we develop a statistical expression to calculate(More)
The MIT Faculty has made this article openly available. Please share how this access benefits you. Your story matters. We propose a multiagent-based reinforcement learning algorithm, in which the interactions between travelers and the environment are considered to simulate temporal-spatial characteristics of activity-travel patterns in a city. Road(More)
—We consider the impact of end-user decision-making on pricing of wireless resources when there is uncertainty in the Quality of Service (QoS) guarantees offered by the Service Provider (SP). Specifically, we consider a scenario where an SP tries to sell wireless broadband services to a potential customer when the advertised transmission rate cannot be(More)
dsRNA can be detected by pattern recognition receptors, for example, TLR3, MDA-5, NLRP3 to induce proinflammatory cytokines responsible for innate/adaptive immunity. Recognized by endosomal TLR3 in myeloid DCs (mDCs), dsRNA can activate mDCs into mature antigen presenting cells (mAPCs) which in turn present antigen epitopes with MHC-I molecules to naïve T(More)
—Advances in cognitive radio networks have primarily focused on the design of spectrally agile radios and novel spectrum sharing techniques that are founded on expected utility theory (EUT). In this paper, we consider the development of novel spectrum sharing algorithms in such networks taking into account human psychological behavior of the end-users,(More)
Tumor vaccines are a novel approach to the treatment of malignancy, and are attracting the attention of the medical profession. Nanomaterials have significant advantages in the preparation of a tumor vaccine, including their ability to penetrate and target cancer tissue and their antigenic properties. In this review, we focus on several nanomaterials, ie,(More)
—Coordinated scheduling/beamforming (CS/CB) substantially mitigates the intercell interference (ICI), hence increasing the cell-edge throughput on the downlink (DL) of coordinated multipoint (CoMP) systems. To maximize the DL throughput, the cooperating base stations (BSs) jointly select the best set of users for DL scheduling and then jointly design a set(More)