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LEACH (Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy) routing protocol is the conventional clustering communication protocol which is widely used in Wireless Sensor Networks. However, in LEACH, the nodes consume their energy quickly and the efficiency of energy deceases because the nodes with low energy and far away from base station become the cluster head(More)
This paper examines the QoS of an energy efficient cluster based routing protocol called Low-Loss Energy Aware Routing Protocol (LLEAP) in terms of network lifetime and aims some modifications on this protocol to increase its performance. Biological inspired algorithm helps to enhance the performance parameters of LLEAP. A survey on network protocols for(More)
—LEACH (Low Energy Adapt Hierarchy) routing protocol is the convent communication protocol which is widely u Sensor Networks. However, in LEAC consume their energy quickly and the effic deceases because the nodes with low energ from base station become the cluster h analyzing the energy model and con important factors: The energy of each node times of nodes(More)
In order to design a thermoelectric cooler system with a precise numerical prediction on its working effectiveness, based on forced fluid mechanics theory, heat transfer theory and thermoelectric cooling theory, the paper proposed an optimized design of thermoelectric cooler system with the application of forced air cooling. Combining with the physical(More)
We study cooperative spectrum sensing in cognitive radio networks (CRN) using machine learning techniques in this paper. A low-dimensional probability vector is proposed as the feature vector for machine learning based classification, instead of the N-dimensional energy vector in a CRN with a single primary user (PU) and N secondary users (SUs). This(More)
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