Yingqi Lu

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This paper examines the QoS of an energy efficient cluster based routing protocol called Low-Loss Energy Aware Routing Protocol (LLEAP) in terms of network lifetime and aims some modifications on this protocol to increase its performance. Biological inspired algorithm helps to enhance the performance parameters of LLEAP. A survey on network protocols for(More)
—LEACH (Low Energy Adapt Hierarchy) routing protocol is the convent communication protocol which is widely u Sensor Networks. However, in LEAC consume their energy quickly and the effic deceases because the nodes with low energ from base station become the cluster h analyzing the energy model and con important factors: The energy of each node times of nodes(More)
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