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Plant roots mainly consist of division, elongation and maturation regions. Histone modifications of chromatin play a vital role in plant cell growth and differentiation. However, there has been no systematic attempt to investigate the distribution patterns of histone modifications in the different plant root zones. In this study, histone H3 acetylation(More)
The histone modification level has been shown to be related with gene activation and repression in stress-responsive process, but there is little information on the relationship between histone modification and cell cycle gene expression responsive to environmental cues. In this study, the function of histone modifications in mediating the transcriptional(More)
Although the existence of cancer stem cells (CSCs) has been demonstrated in colorectal cancer, further investigation is hindered by controversies over their surface markers. The sphere formation assay is widely used as in vitro method for derivation and characterization of CSCs based on the intrinsic self-renewal property of these cells. Isolated cancer(More)
Active vaccination against amyloid β (Aβ42) is considered a potential therapeutic approach for Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, immunization with synthetic human Aβ1-42 has resulted in meningoencephalitis in 6% of patients and generated only low-titer anti-Aβ42 antibodies. In order to develop a safe and effective vaccine against Alzheimer's disease, the(More)
Copper is a micronutrient required for living organisms, but is potentially toxic in excess. EDDS enhances the phytoextraction of many metals, but the underlying mechanism is fully unclear. Exposure of 200 μM Cu2+ for 3 days resulted in rice seedling growth inhibition, accompanied by a decrease in plasma membrane H+-ATPase activity, and an increase in(More)
Disease-modifying immunotherapies focusing on reducing amyloid-beta (Aβ) deposition are the main treatment for Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, none of the Aβ immunotherapies has produced clinically meaningful results to date. The main reason for this lack of efficacy is that the vaccine induces insufficiently high antibody titers, as it contains small(More)
Histone acetylation plays a critical role in controlling chromatin structure, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in cell cycle progression. To study the relationship between histone acetylation and cell cycle progression in plants, sodium butyrate (NaB), a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor that can cause a significant increase in histone(More)
Epigenetic modifications play crucial roles in the regulation of chromatin architecture and are involved in cell cycle progression, including mitosis and meiosis. To explore the relationship between epigenetic modifications and the cell cycle, we treated maize (Zea mays) seedlings with six different epigenetic modification-related inhibitors and identified(More)
As a progressive age-related neurodegenerative disorder, Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a global health concern. Despite the availability of psychological testing, neuroimaging, genetic testing, and biochemical assays of cerebrospinal fluid, convenient and accurate blood biomarkers for the prediction, diagnosis, and preclinical studies of AD are still lacking.(More)
The Norovirus (NoV) P particle (PP) is a subviral particle formed by 24 copies of the protruding (P) domain of the capsid protein. Each P domain has three surface loops that can be used for foreign antigen presentation. Hence, PPs have been demonstrated to be an excellent platform for vaccine development against many pathogens. However, current processes(More)
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