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OBJECTIVE We compared the success of preoperative hook wire localization of pulmonary pure ground-glass opacities (pGGOs) with intraoperative palpation during video-assisted thoracoscopic (VAT) surgery and examined the safety of the preoperative hook wire method. METHODS A total of 39 patients with 41 pulmonary pGGOs less than 2 cm in diameter underwent(More)
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