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Calluses from two ecotypes of reed (Phragmites communis Trin.) plant (dune reed [DR] and swamp reed [SR]), which show different sensitivity to salinity, were used to study plant adaptations to salt stress. Under 200 mm NaCl treatment, the sodium (Na) percentage decreased, but the calcium percentage and the potassium (K) to Na ratio increased in the DR(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) function as signalling molecules in plants under abiotic and biotic stresses. Calluses from Populus euphratica, which show salt tolerance, were used to study the interaction of NO and H2O2 in plant adaptation to salt resistance. The nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity was identified in the calluses, and this(More)
The plasma membrane (PM) vesicles from Populus euphratica (P. euphratica) callus were isolated to investigate the properties of the PM H+-ATPase. An enrichment of sealed and oriented right-side-out PM vesicles was demonstrated by measurement of the purity and orientation of membrane vesicles in the upper phase fraction. Analysis of pH optimum, temperature(More)
The purpose of this study was to analyze phytotoxicity mechanism involved in root growth and to compare physiological changes in the leaves of wheat seedlings exposed to short term iron (Fe) and copper (Cu) stresses (0, 100, 300 and 500μM). All applied Fe or Cu concentrations reduced root and shoot lengths, but seed germination was inhibited by Cu only at(More)
Nitraria tangutorum Bobr., a typical desert halophyte, plays an important ecological role because of its superior tolerance to severe drought and high salinity. Very little is known about the physiological adaptative mechanism of this species to environmental stresses. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes of antioxidant enzyme activities and(More)
Little is known about the physiological adaptation mechanisms of the desert halophyte Nitraria tangutorum Bobr. to the environment. In this study, callus from Nitraria tangutorum Bobr. was used to investigate physiological responses to salinity and the regulatory function of nitric oxide (NO) on catalase (CAT) activity. Increased dry weight and soluble(More)
Hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) is often generated by cells and tissues under environmental stress. In this work, we provide evidence that plasma membrane (PM) NADPH oxidase-dependent H(2)O(2) production might act as an intermediate step in the NaCl-induced elevation of calcium (Ca) in roots of wheat. Remarkable increases in the content of total Ca were(More)
PURPOSE To design and optimize trajectory-based, noncoplanar subarcs for volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) deliverable on both Varian TrueBEAM system and traditional accelerators; and to investigate their potential advantages for treating central nervous system (CNS) tumors. METHODS AND MATERIALS To guide the computerized selection of beam(More)
Callus of the halophyte Nitraria tangutorum Bobr. was used to investigate proline metabolism and its signal regulation under salinity stress. Enhanced levels of proline and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) were observed in calli exposed to salinity stress, and elevated levels of calcium (Ca) were detected in early responses to 75 mM NaCl treatment. Additionally,(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate antioxidative responses and proline metabolism in roots and leaves of wheat seedlings after treatment with different zinc (Zn) concentrations (0, 0.5, 1 and 3mM) for 6 days. A notable reduction in Zn content was observed in 0.5mM Zn-treated leaves, but a significant elevation in response to 1 and 3mM Zn treatment.(More)