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Wild-type (WT) Salmonella typhimurium causes acute intestinal inflammation by activating the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) pathway. Interestingly, WT Salmonella infection also causes degradation of beta-catenin, a regulator of cellular proliferation. Regulation of beta-catenin and the inhibitor of NF-kappaB, IkappaBalpha, is strikingly similar,(More)
Sun, Jun, Juan Kong, Yingli Duan, Frances L. Szeto, Anne Liao, James L. Madara, and Yan Chun Li. Increased NFB activity in fibroblasts lacking the vitamin D receptor. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 291: E315–E322, 2006. First published February 28, 2006; doi:10.1152/ajpendo.00590.2005.—1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D3] is known to have anti-inflammatory(More)
1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D3] is known to have anti-inflammatory activity; however, the molecular mechanism remains poorly defined. Here we show that the nuclear vitamin D receptor (VDR) is directly involved in the regulation of NF-kappaB activation, a pathway essential for inflammatory response. In mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) derived from(More)
BACKGROUND Proline-rich tyrosine kinase 2 (Pyk2) is essential in neutrophil degranulation and chemotaxis in vitro. However, its effect on the process of lung inflammation and edema formation during LPS induced acute lung injury (ALI) remains unknown. The goal of the present study was to determine the effect of inhibiting Pyk2 on LPS-induced acute lung(More)
We have used mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) derived from VDR(+/-) and VDR(-/-) mice to determine whether the nuclear vitamin D receptor (VDR) is directly involved in the regulation of NF-kappaB activation. We found that the basal IkappaBalpha protein level was markedly decreased in VDR(-/-) MEFs compared to VDR(+/-) MEFs; however, degradation of(More)
We examined the role of proline-rich tyrosine kinase (Pyk) 2 in the spreading and migration of human blood eosinophils after beta(2)-integrin ligation. Western blot analysis showed that Pyk2 was activated by phosphorylation at Y402 after eosinophil adhesion to BSA-coated plates after activation with IL-5, platelet-activating factor (PAF), formyl-met-leu-phe(More)
The objective of this investigation was to determine the role of Pyk2, an intracellular nonreceptor protein tyrosine kinase for postadhesive inflammatory cell migration, on airway inflammation and hyperresponsiveness in immune-sensitized mice. Blockade of Pyk2 was effected by intraperitoneal administration of dominant-negative C-terminal Pyk2 fused to a TAT(More)
Salmonella-epithelial cell interactions are known to activate the proinflammatory NF-kappaB signaling pathway and have recently been found to also influence the beta-catenin signaling pathway, an important regulator of epithelial cell proliferation and differentiation. Here, using polarized epithelial cell models, we demonstrate that these same(More)
Pyk2 is a non-receptor cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase that belongs to the focal adhesion kinase family and has been implicated in neutrophil spreading and respiratory burst activity caused by TNF-α. However, the role of Pyk2 in neutrophil migration is incompletely defined. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that Pyk2 regulates the migration of(More)
Glucokinase (GK) plays a critical role in the control of whole-body glucose homeostasis. We investigated the possible effects of a novel glucokinase activator (GKA), HMS5552, to the GK in rats with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into four groups: control group, diabetic group, low-dose (10 mg/kg) HMS5552-treated(More)
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