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Understanding soybean (Glycine max) domestication and improvement at a genetic level is important to inform future efforts to further improve a crop that provides the world's main source of oilseed. We detect 230 selective sweeps and 162 selected copy number variants by analysis of 302 resequenced wild, landrace and improved soybean accessions at >11×(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important gene regulators, which are often deregulated in cancers. In this study, the authors analyzed the microRNAs profiles of 78 matched cancer/noncanerous liver tissues from HCC patients and 10 normal liver tissues and found that 69 miRNAs were differentially expressed between hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and corresponding(More)
This paper presents a generic error model, which is based on the product of exponentials (POEs) formula, for serial-robot calibration. The identifiability of parameters in this error model was analyzed. The analysis shows the following: 1) Errors in all joint twists are identifiable. 2) The joint zero-position errors and the initial transformation errors(More)
Sorting nexin 27 (SNX27), a brain-enriched PDZ domain protein, regulates endocytic sorting and trafficking. Here we show that Snx27(-/-) mice have severe neuronal deficits in the hippocampus and cortex. Although Snx27(+/-) mice have grossly normal neuroanatomy, we found defects in synaptic function, learning and memory and a reduction in the amounts of(More)
UNLABELLED Cancer cells possess a unique metabolic phenotype that allows them to preferentially utilize glucose through aerobic glycolysis. This phenomenon is referred to as the "Warburg effect." Accumulating evidence suggests that microRNAs (miRNAs), a class of small noncoding regulatory RNAs, interact with oncogenes/tumor suppressors and induce such(More)
The transdsermal delivery of insulin remains a significant challenge due to low permeation rates at therapeutically useful rates. We report unilamellar nanovesicles with membrane thickness of 3-5 nm and entrapment efficiency of 89.05+/-0.91%, which can be driven by iontophoresis for enhancing transdermal delivery of insulin through microneedle-induced skin(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) plays a dual and complex role in human cancer. In this report, we observe a specific set of MicroRNAs (miRNAs) changed in response to TGF-beta in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells by miRNA microarray screening. A cluster of miRNA, miR-23a approximately 27a approximately 24, is induced in an early stage by(More)
UNLABELLED The pathological relevance and significance of microRNAs (miRNAs) in hepatocarcinogenesis have attracted much attention in recent years; however, little is known about the underlying molecular mechanisms through which miRNAs are involved in the development and progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, we demonstrate that(More)
Choline is an essential nutrient for cell survival and proliferation, however, the expression and function of choline transporters have not been well identified in cancer. In this study, we detected the mRNA and protein expression of organic cation transporter OCT3, carnitine/cation transporters OCTN1 and OCTN2, and choline transporter-like protein CTL1 in(More)
UNLABELLED Acetylcholinesterase (ACHE) plays important roles in the cholinergic system, and its dysregulation is involved in a variety of human diseases. However, the roles and implications of ACHE in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain elusive. Here we demonstrate that ACHE was significantly down-regulated in the cancerous tissues of 69.2% of HCC(More)