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UNLABELLED The hepatitis B virus (HBV) X protein has been implicated as a potential trigger of the epigenetic modifications of some genes during hepatocarcinogenesis, but the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), which are noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression, are involved in diverse biological functions and in carcinogenesis. In(More)
BACKGROUND The liver is frequently subject to insult because of viral infection, alcohol abuse, or toxic chemical exposure. Extensive research has been conducted to identify blood markers that can better discern liver damage, but little progress has been achieved in clinical practice. Recently, circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported as potential(More)
Recent studies suggest that both the KPNB3 gene and the KPNA3 gene in the long arm of chromosome 13 (13q) are associated with schizophrenia. Because these two genes belong to the same family of karyopherins, their combined effect on illness was investigated among 238 Chinese family trios consisting of fathers, mothers and affected offspring with(More)
A novel annexin gene was isolated from the Taenia solium cDNA library by degenerate PCR. The purified protein was generated by hydrolysis with thrombin in glutathione S-transferase (GST) affinity chromatography following expression in GST tagged pGEX-5T vector. It shares the common structural features of the annexin family and specially possesses two unique(More)
The biological mechanism of a recent discovered association of type 2 diabetes with the ACAA-insertion/deletion polymorphism at the 3'UTR of the IGF2R gene has remained unclear. A very recently emerging novel polymorphic control layer by microRNAs (miRNAs) makes it possible to elucidate this issue. In this study, a prediction by web tools MicroInspector and(More)
The interest in understanding interaction between the toll-like receptor and the viral infection has increased because of its importance in disease control. Here we have cloned the porcine TLR7 (pTLR7) cDNA encoding for 1050 amino acids. The pTLR7 Exhibits 90, 87, 87, 86, 84 and 78% similarity to TLR7 from cattle, dog, horse, cat, human and mouse,(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Hepatitis B virus transgenic mice (HBV-Tg mice) have been widely used as animal models in the study of pathogenesis and control of hepatitis B. It is important for the evaluation of such animal models to define the physiological differences between HBV-Tg and wild-type mice. The aim of this research was to investigate whether the integrated(More)
To prepare a human HBV vaccine, investigators need an animal model that can help them screen and prioritize vaccine candidates. In this study, HBV/HLA-A2.1 double transgenic mice (dTg), confirmed by analysis of genomic integration and by observation of long-term expression of HBV and HLA genes, were generated for the first time. The HBV/HLA-A2.1 dTg not(More)
The present study aims at establishing a novel vaccine procedure based on HBc-VLP-pulsed DCs. Immature mice BMDCs could capture HBc-VLP or HBc-VLP packaging CpG efficiently and present the antigen to syngeneic mice spleen T cells in vitro. Immunization with DCs showed that compared to VLP-pulsed DCs, VLP packaging CpG-pulsed DCs elicit stronger T-cell(More)
Astrocyte damage and the disorders of cytokine secretion induced by endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) are crucial pathological processes in ischemic injury of the central nervous system (CNS), (e.g., ischemic reperfusion injury of the brain and spinal cord). ERS stimulates damage to astrocytes and the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines, which(More)