Learn More
Mechanical unloading of the heart with a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) significantly decreases mortality in patients with heart failure. Moreover, it provides a human model to define the critical regulatory genes governing myocardial remodeling in response to significant reductions in wall stress. Statistical analysis of a gene expression library of(More)
BACKGROUND Human heart failure is a complex disease that manifests from multiple genetic and environmental factors. Although ischemic and non-ischemic heart disease present clinically with many similar decreases in ventricular function, emerging work suggests that they are distinct diseases with different responses to therapy. The ability to distinguish(More)
Recent years have seen the proliferation in versatile mobile devices and application services that demand different data rates and latencies. Fixed channelization configuration in today's wireless devices fall inefficient in the presence of such dynamic demands. In this regard, fine-grained spectrum management designs have been advocated by the research(More)
AMP activated protein kinase (AMPK) plays an important role in regulating myocardial metabolism and protein synthesis. Activation of AMPK attenuates hypertrophy in cultured cardiac myocytes, but the role of AMPK in regulating the development of myocardial hypertrophy in response to chronic pressure overload is not known. To test the hypothesis that(More)
A water extract of the rhizomes of Dioscorea spongiosa, which showed antiosteoporotic activity, was examined, and four new pregnane glycosides, named spongipregnolosides A-D (1-4), and two new cholestane glycosides, named spongiosides A (5) and B (6), were isolated together with 15 known glycosides. Their structures were determined on the basis of(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to identify the role of dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase-1 (DDAH1) in degrading the endogenous nitric oxide synthase inhibitors asymmetrical dimethylarginine (ADMA) and N(g)-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA). METHODS AND RESULTS We generated a global-DDAH1 gene-deficient (DDAH1(-/-)) mouse strain to examine(More)
BACKGROUND Gene expression profiling refines diagnostic and prognostic assessment in oncology but has not yet been applied to myocardial diseases. We hypothesized that gene expression differentiates ischemic and nonischemic cardiomyopathy, demonstrating that gene expression profiling by clinical parameters is feasible in cardiology. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
BACKGROUND Double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR) is a eukaryotic initiation factor 2α kinase that inhibits mRNA translation under stress conditions. PKR also mediates inflammatory and apoptotic signaling independently of translational regulation. Congestive heart failure is associated with cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, inflammation, and apoptosis,(More)
This study examined whether increased superoxide (O(2)(-).) production contributes to coronary endothelial dysfunction and decreased coronary blood flow (CBF) in congestive heart failure (CHF). To test this hypothesis, the effects of the low-molecular-weight SOD mimetic M40401 on CBF and myocardial oxygen consumption (MVo(2)) were examined in dogs during(More)
Although protection against necrosis has been observed in both hibernating (HIB) and ischemic preconditioned hearts in the second window of protection (SWOP), a comparison of the mitochondrial proteome between the two entities has not been previously performed. Anesthetized swine underwent instrumentation with a fixed constrictor around the LAD artery and(More)