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A full-length cDNA sequence encoding polygalacturonase-inhibiting protein (PGIP) from mulberry, which we designated MPGIP (GenBank accession no.: HM044383), was cloned based on mulberry expressed sequence tags (ESTs). Sequence analysis showed that the MPGIP is 1,274 base pairs (bp) in length, encoding 333 amino acids with a predicted molecular weight of(More)
Although a growing body of evidence supports the importance of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway and oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of autism, it is unclear whether a relationship exists between the Wnt/β-catenin pathway and oxidative homeostasis. The present study examines the effects of sulindac, a small molecule inhibitor of the Wnt/β-catenin(More)
This paper presents a sensor fusion implementation to improve the accuracy of robot localization by combining multiple visual odometry approaches with wheel and IMU odometry. Discrete and continuous Homography Matrices are used to recover robot pose and velocity from image sequences of tracked feature points. The camera's limited field of view is addressed(More)
— This paper presents a novel approach to increasing the information content in sensor measurements, with special applications in images or video. The entropy of a signal gives a measurement of the information content. In the case of images, entropy is low when large parts of an image are uniformly colored or shaded. This can occur due to poor camera(More)
This paper proposes a novel sparse variant of auto-encoders as a building block to pre-train deep neural networks. Compared with sparse auto-encoders through KL-divergence, our method requires fewer hyper-parameters and the sparsity level of the hidden units can be learnt automatically. We have compared our method with several other unsupervised leaning(More)
This paper presents a novel approach to increase the amount of visual stimuli in sensor measurements using saliency maps. A saliency map is a combination of normalized feature maps in different channels (i.e. color, intensity) to represent the relative strength of visual stimuli in an image. The total saliency is higher when the camera is looking at a scene(More)
Homeostasis of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is essential for normal cellular functions. Disturbance of this homeostasis causes ER stress and activates the Unfolded Protein Response (UPR). The Ufm1 conjugation system is a novel Ubiquitin-like (Ubl) system whose physiological target(s) and biological functions remain largely undefined. Genetic study has(More)
Signaling of the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) has been implicated in the development of injury-elicited vascular complications. Soluble RAGE (sRAGE) acts as a decoy of RAGE and has been used to treat pathological vascular conditions in animal models. However, previous studies used a high dose of sRAGE produced in insect Sf9 cells(More)