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BACKGROUND We previously demonstrated that acetylcholine (Ach) injected into cardiac ganglionated plexi (GP) causes pulmonary vein (PV) ectopy initiating atrial fibrillation (AF). OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of Ach applied at non-PV sites. METHODS Overall, 54 dogs were anesthetized with Na-pentobarbital. A right and left thoracotomy allowed the(More)
The aim of this study was to detect early changes (within 1-4 h) in the brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels of rats with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). A total of 35 Wistar rats were established as models of AMI and 30 sham-operated rats were used as the control group. The myocardia of the two groups were observed using a transmission electron(More)
PURPOSE Trastuzumab can improve the prognosis for patients with breast cancer, but its related cardiac toxicity is concerning. This study aimed to identify the risk factors associated with trastuzumab-related cardiac toxicity in elderly patients with HER2-positive breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 133 elderly (≥ 65 years) patients who were(More)
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