Ying-jie Sun

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Mammalian neuronal cells abundantly express a deubiquitylating enzyme, ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase 1 (UCH L1). Mutations in UCH L1 are linked to Parkinson's disease as well as gracile axonal dystrophy (gad) in mice. In contrast to the UCH L3 isozyme that is universally expressed in all tissues, UCH L1 is expressed exclusively in neurons and(More)
The I93M mutation in ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCH-L1) was reported in one German family with autosomal dominant Parkinson's disease (PD). The causative role of the mutation has, however, been questioned. We generated transgenic (Tg) mice carrying human UCHL1 under control of the PDGF-B promoter; two independent lines were generated with the(More)
To identify novel obesity-related genes in adipose tissue, differential display was performed using bombesin receptor subtype-3 (BRS-3)-deficient mice. These mice exhibit mild late-onset obesity. We report that a gene, Urb, is upregulated in these mice. Full-length Urb cDNA is approximately 3 kb long and comprises an open reading frame of 949 amino acid(More)
Ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase 1 (UCH-L1) can be detected in mouse testicular germ cells, mainly spermatogonia and somatic Sertoli cells, but its physiological role is unknown. We show that transgenic (Tg) mice overexpressing EF1alpha promoter-driven UCH-L1 in the testis are sterile due to a block during spermatogenesis at an early stage (pachytene)(More)
Neurotensin (NT) is a neuropeptide that induces a wide range of biological activities including hypothermia and analgesia. Such effects are mediated by the NT receptors Ntsr1, Ntsr2 and Ntsr3, although the involvement of each receptor in specific NT functions remains unknown. To address nociceptive function in vivo, we generated both Ntsr1-deficient and(More)
Neural projection from the brachioradialis to the biceps brachii motoneurones in human was studied using the method of post-stimulus time histogram. Electrical stimulation to the radial branch innervating the brachioradialis produced inhibition in 11 out of 21 biceps motor units. The central delays of the inhibition were 0.7–1.2 ms longer than those of the(More)
Semi-aerobic Aged-refuse Bioreactor (SAARB) has a good effect on nitrogen removal in leachate, but a strong greenhouse gas (N2O) was generated during the nitrification and denitrification process. The effect of salinity (7-30 g x L(-1)) on the leachate treatment and the N2O production from SAARB system was investigated. Experimental results showed that(More)
Neural projections from the pronator teres (PT) muscle to biceps brachii (BB) motoneurones were studied in three healthy human subjects using a post-stimulus time histogram method. In 25 BB motor units, electrical stimulation to the PT nerve with intramuscular needle electrodes induced inhibition in nine units (36%), whereas facilitation was produced in 18(More)
A combined process comprised of ex-situ nitrification in an aged refuse bioreactor (designated as A bioreactor) and in-situ denitrification in a fresh refuse bioreactor (designated as F bioreactor) was constructed for investigating N2O emission during the stabilization of municipal solid waste (MSW). The results showed that N2O concentration in the F(More)
The synuclein family includes three isoforms, termed alpha, beta and gamma. alpha-Synuclein accumulates in various pathological lesions resulting from neurodegenerative disorders including Parkinson's disease (PD), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and multiple system atrophy. However, neither beta- nor gamma-synuclein has been detected in Lewy bodies, and(More)