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Human action recognition is an important yet challenging task. The recently developed commodity depth sensors open up new possibilities of dealing with this problem but also present some unique challenges. The depth maps captured by the depth cameras are very noisy and the 3D positions of the tracked joints may be completely wrong if serious occlusions(More)
Salient object detection is not a pure low-level, bottom-up process. Higher-level knowledge is important even for task-independent image saliency. We propose a unified model to incorporate traditional low-level features with higher-level guidance to detect salient objects. In our model, an image is represented as a low-rank matrix plus sparse noises in a(More)
We study the problem of action recognition from depth sequences captured by depth cameras, where noise and occlusion are common problems because they are captured with a single commodity camera. In order to deal with these issues, we extract semi-local features called random occupancy pattern (ROP) features, which employ a novel sampling scheme that(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), in addition to their multilineage differentiation, have a direct immunosuppressive effect on T-cell proliferation in vitro. However, it is unclear whether they also modulate the immune system by acting on the very first step. In this investigation, we addressed the effects of human MSCs on the differentiation, maturation, and(More)
Actions are spatio-temporal patterns which can be characterized by collections of spatio-temporal invariant features. Detection of actions is to find the re-occurrences (e.g. through pattern matching) of such spatio-temporal patterns. This paper addresses two critical issues in pattern matching-based action detection: (1) efficiency of pattern search in 3D(More)
Human action recognition is an important yet challenging task. Human actions usually involve human-object interactions, highly articulated motions, high intra-class variations, and complicated temporal structures. The recently developed commodity depth sensors open up new possibilities of dealing with this problem by providing 3D depth data of the scene.(More)
One fundamental problem in object retrieval with the bag-of-visual words (BoW) model is its lack of spatial information. Although various approaches are proposed to incorporate spatial constraints into the BoW model, most of them are either too strict or too loose so that they are only effective in limited cases. We propose a new spatially-constrained(More)
A visual word lexicon can be constructed by clustering primitive visual features, and a visual object can be described by a set of visual words. Such a "bag-of-words" representation has led to many significant results in various vision tasks including object recognition and categorization. However, in practice, the clustering of primitive visual features(More)
OBJECTIVE Genome-wide association studies have identified common variants in CDKAL1, CDKN2A/B, IGF2BP2, SLC30A8, HHEX/IDE, EXT2, and LOC387761 loci that significantly increase the risk of type 2 diabetes. We aimed to replicate these observations in a population-based cohort of Chinese Hans and examine the associations of these variants with type 2 diabetes(More)
Blood pressure is a heritable trait influenced by several biological pathways and responsive to environmental stimuli. Over one billion people worldwide have hypertension (≥140 mm Hg systolic blood pressure or  ≥90 mm Hg diastolic blood pressure). Even small increments in blood pressure are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. This(More)