Ying T Hwang

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The herpes simplex virus DNA polymerase catalytic subunit, which has intrinsic polymerase and 3'-5' exonuclease activities, contains sequence motifs that are homologous to those important for 3'-5' exonuclease activity in other polymerases. The role of one such motif, Exo III, was examined in this study. Mutated polymerases containing either a single(More)
A mutagenesis system was developed for the in vivo study of the fidelity of DNA replication mediated by wild-type herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) strain KOS and its polymerase (Pol) mutant derivatives PAAr5, Y7, and YD12. The pHOS1 shuttle plasmid, which contained the SupF mutagenesis marker gene and the HSV oris sequence, was used for analysis of the(More)
The processivity subunit of the herpes simplex virus DNA polymerase, UL42, is essential for viral replication and possesses both Pol- and DNA-binding activities. Previous studies demonstrated that the substitution of alanine for each of four arginine residues, which reside on the positively charged surface of UL42, resulted in decreased DNA binding affinity(More)
Herpes simplex virus mutants with single substitutions that decrease DNA binding by the DNA polymerase processivity subunit UL42 are only modestly impaired for viral replication. In this study, recombinant viruses harboring two or four of these mutations were constructed. The more substitutions, the more severe the defects in viral replication and DNA(More)
The effect of exonuclease activity of the herpes simplex virus DNA polymerase (Pol) on DNA replication fidelity was examined by using the supF mutagenesis assay. The recombinants with exonuclease-deficient Pol, containing an integrated supF gene in the thymidine kinase locus (tk), exhibited supF mutation frequencies ranging from 0.14 to 5.6%, consistent(More)
To examine whether the exonuclease activity intrinsic to the polymerase (Pol) of herpes simplex virus type 1 can influence the mutational spectra, we applied the denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) system combined with sequencing to characterize thymidine kinase mutants isolated from both the wild-type virus and a mutant deficient in exonuclease(More)
The effect of thymidine kinase (TK) encoded by herpes simplex virus type 1(HSV-1) strain KOS in DNA replication fidelity was examined by two different mutagenesis assays. Mutagenesis assay of the LacZ reporter gene present in recombinant tkLTRZ1, which contained the integrated LacZ gene in the tk locus, revealed a less than 0.05% mutation frequency of the(More)
Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis has been applied widely for the detection of mutation(s) and polymorphisms of various genes. It is shown that this system is also feasible for analyzing mutations in the thymidine kinase (tk) gene of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). Thus, this system is applicable for examining whether a drug-resistant HSV-1(More)
Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) DNA polymerase contains several conserved regions within the polymerase domain. The conserved regions I, II, III, V, and VII have been shown to have functional roles in the interaction with deoxynucleoside triphosphates (dNTPs) and DNA. However, the role of conserved region VI in DNA replication has remained unclear due,(More)
Two herpes simplex virus mutants containing mutated residues within the conserved Exo III motif of the polymerase gene were previously shown to be defective in 3'-5' exonuclease activity and exhibited extremely high mutation frequencies. In this study, we have shown that these mutants also exhibited higher resistance to phosphonoacetic acid and sensitivity(More)