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OBJECTIVE The objectives of this study were to prospectively evaluate changes in tumor perfusion after chemoradiation therapy and to investigate the feasibility of perfusion CT for prediction of early tumor response and prognosis of non-small cell lung cancer. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Perfusion CT was performed on an MDCT scanner with 50 mL of iodinated(More)
Geographic atrophy (GA), an untreatable advanced form of age-related macular degeneration, results from retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE) cell degeneration. Here we show that the microRNA (miRNA)-processing enzyme DICER1 is reduced in the RPE of humans with GA, and that conditional ablation of Dicer1, but not seven other miRNA-processing enzymes, induces(More)
Central Eastern Asia, foremost the area bordering northern China and Mongolia, has been thought to be the geographic region where Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus) have originated. However recent fossil analyses pointed to their origin in southern China. Moreover, whereas analyses of fossils dated the species' origin as ∼ 1.2-1.6 million years ago (Mya),(More)
We describe a protocol to rapidly and reliably visualize blood vessels in experimental animals. Blood vessels are directly labeled by cardiac perfusion using a specially formulated aqueous solution containing 1,1'-dioctadecyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethylindocarbocyanine perchlorate (DiI), a lipophilic carbocyanine dye, which incorporates into endothelial cell(More)
The purpose of this study has been to investigate the possible effects of the normal joint cavity environment on chondrocytic differentiation of bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Autologous bone marrow was aspirated from the iliac crest of male sheep. MSCs were purified, expanded, and labeled with the fluorescent dye PKH26. Labeled MSCs(More)
We recently reported that exposure of human cervical carcinoma cells to doxorubicin results in extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)2 activation, which in turn phosphorylates p53 on a previously uncharacterized site, Thr55. This study sought to clarify the biological significance of doxorubicin-induced Thr55 phosphorylation. In breast carcinoma MCF7(More)
Background: Edaravone had been validated to effectively protect against ischemic injuries. In this study, we investigated the protective effect of edaravone by observing the effects on anti-apoptosis, regulation of Bcl-2/Bax protein expression and recovering from damage to mitochondria after OGD (oxygen-glucose deprivation)-reperfusion. Methods: Viability(More)
The Runx3 gene is a member of the runt domain family transcription factors, key regulators of development and differentiation in metazoan. Recently, Runx3 was identified as a tumor suppressor gene. Loss of Runx3 was found to be associated with genesis and progression of gastric cancer. In this study, we transfected the gastric cancer cell line SGC7901 with(More)
Double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR) is intimately involved in type 2 diabetes due to its role in insulin resistance in peripheral tissues and anti-proliferative effect on pancreatic β-cells. Activated PKR was found to inhibit β-cell proliferation, partially through accumulation of P53. However the molecular mechanisms underlying PKR-dependent(More)
In this study, we showed that suppression of the MEK-ERK transduction pathway by a selective inhibitor, 2'-amino-3'-methoxyflavone (PD98059), increased drug resistance of SiHa cells to cisplatin, but not to another common anticancer drug, doxorubicin. The downstream mechanism of this discrepant cellular response was investigated. Both cisplatin and(More)