Ying-Shan Chen

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Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), a critical process of cancer invasion and metastasis, is associated with stemness property of cancer cells. Though Oct4 and Nanog are homebox transcription factors essential to the self-renewal of stem cells and are expressed in several cancers, the role of Oct4/Nanog signaling in tumorigenesis is still elusive. Here(More)
Glaucoma is a form of optic neuropathy and a common cause of blindness, affecting over 60 million people worldwide with an expected rise to 80 million by 2020. Successful treatment is challenging due to the various causes of glaucoma, undetectable symptoms at an early stage and inefficient delivery of drugs to the back of the eye. Conventional glaucoma(More)
PURPOSE Hyperhomocysteinemia is known to cause degeneration of retinal ganglion cells, but its influence on photoreceptors remains largely unknown. In particular, the role of homocysteine-thiolactone (Hcy-T)--the physiologic metabolite of homocysteine that has been proven to be more cytotoxic than homocysteine itself--as a factor that causes retinopathy,(More)
Recent research has shown that transient block of connexin43 (Cx43) hemichannels by mimetic peptides (MP) after retinal ischaemia inhibits uncontrolled hemichannel opening causing blood-brain barrier permeability and endothelial cell loss, and consequently provides improved retinal ganglion cell (RGC) survival. However, the highly hydrophilic character and(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and prediabetes has increased in China, and at different rates in different locations. Therefore a community-based screening research was conducted in order to determine the prevalence of CKD and prediabetes, and to analyze associated risk factors of CKD and prediabetes in a city of Southern China.(More)
PURPOSE To examine the efficacy of photodynamic therapy with verteporfin (VPDT) for treatment of subfoveal choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in patients with pathologic myopia. METHODS In a prospective study, adult patients (18 years of age or older) with new onset subfoveal CNV were treated in two tertiary centers with the standard protocol of VPDT.(More)
A 29-year-old man who had been treated for acute anterior uveitis in a local medical office and observed for 1 month presented complaining of distorted vision in his left eye for 1 week. On ophthalmic examination, the anterior segment was relatively quiet with few cells. A posterior segment examination revealed cystoid macular edema and multiple splinter(More)
Optic neuropathy is associated with retinal ganglion cell (RGC) loss leading to optic nerve damage and visual impairment. Unregulated connexin (Cx) hemichannel opening plays a role in RGC loss. Thus, inhibition via Cx43-specific mimetic peptides (MP) may prevent further cell death. However, the highly hydrophilic character and poor stability of native(More)
Recent studies have shown that Connexin43 mimetic peptide (Cx43 MP) can prevent secondary damage following several retinal ischemic and inflammatory disorders by blocking the pathological opening of gap junction hemichannels. However, the poor stability of peptides and the presence of various intraocular barriers limit efficient retinal delivery in the(More)
Overcoming the physiological barriers in the eye remains a key obstacle in the field of ocular drug delivery. While ocular barriers naturally have a protective function, they also limit drug entry into the eye. Various pharmaceutical strategies, such as novel formulations and physical force-based techniques, have been investigated to weaken these barriers(More)