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INTRODUCTION Under specific conditions, a weak lead stimulus, or "prepulse", can inhibit the startling effects of a subsequent intense abrupt stimulus. This startle-inhibiting effect of the prepulse, termed "prepulse inhibition" (PPI), is widely used in translational models to understand the biology of brainbased inhibitory mechanisms and their deficiency(More)
SUBJECTS The serotonin reuptake transporter (SERT) helps to regulate brain serotonergic transmission and is the target of some antidepressants. To further understand SERT function, we measured a marker of regional brain phospholipase A2 (PLA2) activation in SERT knockout mice (SERT-/-) and their littermate controls (SERT+/+). METHODS Following(More)
Norfluoxetine is the most important active metabolite of the widely used antidepressant fluoxetine. Although the pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics (PK/PD) relationship and neurochemical profile of fluoxetine is well characterized in human and in animals, little is known about the effect of its metabolite. The aim of this study was to characterize(More)
Fluoxetine, a selective serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) reuptake inhibitor, is used widely to treat depression and related disorders. By inhibiting presynaptic 5-HT reuptake, fluoxetine is thought to act by increasing 5-HT in the synaptic cleft, thus 5-HT binding to postsynaptic 5-HT(2A/2C) receptors. These receptors can be coupled via a G-protein to(More)
Incorporation coefficients k(*) of intravenously injected [(3)H]arachidonic acid from blood into brain reflect the release from phospholipids of arachidonic acid by receptor-initiated activation of phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)). In unanesthetized adult rats, 2.5 mg/kg intraperitoneally (i.p.) (+/-)2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl-2-aminopropane (DOI), which is a(More)
Wake-promoting agents such as modafinil are used in the clinic as adjuncts to antidepressant therapy in order to alleviate lethargy. The wake-promoting action of histamine H(3) receptor antagonists has been evidenced in numerous animal studies. They may therefore be a viable strategy for use as an antidepressant therapy in conjunction with selective(More)
Emerging studies have indicated that microRNAs are involved in the development and progression of cancer. Here we found that miR-202-3p was frequently down-regulated in gastric cancer tissues. Overexpression of miR-202-3p in gastric cancer cells MKN-28 and BGC-823, markedly suppressed cell proliferation and induced cell apoptosis both in vitro and in vivo.(More)
BACKGROUND To investigate the potential mechanisms underlying the protective effects of 18α Glycyrrhizin (GL) on rat hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and hepatocytes in vivo and in vitro. MATERIAL/METHODS Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: normal control group, liver fibrosis group, high-dose 18α GL group (25 mg/ kg/d),(More)