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Experimental stroke in rodents stimulates neurogenesis and migration of newborn neurons from their sites of origin into ischemic brain regions. We report that in patients with stroke, cells that express markers associated with newborn neurons are present in the ischemic penumbra surrounding cerebral cortical infarcts, where these cells are preferentially(More)
Alterations in the basal forebrain cholinergic system have been widely studied in brain aging and Alzheimer's disease, but the magnitude of decline and relationship to cognitive impairment are still a matter of debate. The rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta) provides a compelling model to study age-related memory decline, as the pattern of impairment closely(More)
The entorhinal, perirhinal and parahippocampal cortices are anatomically positioned to mediate the bi-directional flow of information between the hippocampus and neocortex. Consistent with this organization, damage involving the parahippocampal region causes significant learning and memory impairment in young subjects. Although recent evidence indicates(More)
Efforts to identify meaningful functional imaging-based biomarkers are limited by the ability to reliably characterize inter-individual differences in human brain function. Although a growing number of connectomics-based measures are reported to have moderate to high test-retest reliability, the variability in data acquisition, experimental designs, and(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to explore the dual-targeted antitumor effects of membrane-spanned, tumor necrosis factor-related, apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)-engineered human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) against brainstem gliomas. METHODS The migration capacity of hMSCs toward gliomas was studied by the Transwell system in vitro and by intravenous injection(More)
Fasudil is believed to be at least equally effective as nimodipine for the prevention of cerebral vasospasm and subsequent ischemic injury in patients undergoing surgery for subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). We report the final results of a randomized, open trial to compare the efficacy and safety of fasudil with nimodipine. A total of 63 patients undergoing(More)
The piRNA pathway plays an important role in maintaining genome stability in the germ line by silencing transposable elements (TEs) from fly to mammals. As a highly conserved piRNA pathway component, Piwi is widely expressed in both germ cells and somatic cells in the Drosophila ovary and is required for piRNA production in both cell types. In addition to(More)
Familial cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are characterized by an autosomal dominant transmission with incomplete penetrance. We have previously reported a 1292delAT mutation in the CCM1 gene in a Chinese family with CCM. Here we report a novel deletion of CCM1 that correlates strongly with CCM formation in another family. Ten affected family members(More)
OBJECTIVE Hereditary cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are characterized by focal abnormalities of small blood vessels in the brain and consequent hemorrhage and seizures. Previous studies of this type of CCM have mainly reported on this disorder in Hispanic and Caucasian cases. Here, we report on hereditary CCM in a Chinese family further(More)
A retrospective study of the efficacy of posterior fossa decompression (PFD) was carried out in 132 patients with Chiari malformation (CM) with associated syringomyelia (SM). Of these 132 patients, 69 received extended PFD (large craniotomy group), and the other 63 patients received only local PFD (small craniotomy group). At the short-term postoperative(More)