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Parthenogenetic embryonic stem (pES) cells provide a valuable in vitro model system for studying the molecular mechanisms that underlie genomic imprinting. However, the pluripotency of pES cells and the expression profiles of paternally expressed imprinted genes have not been fully explored. In this study, three mouse pES cell lines were established and the(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is a gram-positive pathogen that causes a variety of diseases, including bovine mastitis, which has severe economic consequences. Standard antibiotic treatment results in selection of resistant strains, leading to a need for alternative treatments, such as bacteriophage therapy. Forty-nine S. aureus isolates were obtained from the milk(More)
HYPB is a human histone H3 lysine 36 (H3K36)-specific methyltransferase and acts as the ortholog of yeast Set2. This study explored the physiological function of mammalian HYPB using knockout mice. Homozygous disruption of Hypb impaired H3K36 trimethylation but not mono- or dimethylation, and resulted in embryonic lethality at E10.5-E11.5. Severe vascular(More)
MUC1 is an oncoprotein that is overexpressed in up to 90% of breast carcinomas. A previous in vitro study by our group demonstrated that the cytoplasmic domain of MUC1 (MUC1-CD), the minimal functional unit of MUC1, contributes to the malignant phenotype in cells by binding directly to β-catenin and protecting β-catenin from GSK3β-induced degradation. To(More)
The susceptibility of mastitis-causing Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus to two commonly used antibiotics, tetracycline and penicillin G, was tested in raw milk and in Muller–Hinton (MH) broth by introducing a pH indicator, bromocresol purple, which was shown to be a simple, sensitive, and rapid method. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of(More)
Signaling via the T cell antigen receptor (TCR) during the CD4(+)CD8(+) double-positive developmental stage determines thymocyte selection and lineage commitment. Here we describe a previously uncharacterized T cell-expressed protein, Tespa1, with critical functions during the positive selection of thymocytes. Tespa1(-/-) mice had fewer mature thymic CD4(+)(More)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease represents a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of inherited neuropathies. Here, we report a five-generation family of eight affected individuals with CMT disease type 2, CMT2. Genome-wide linkage analysis showed that the disease phenotype is closely linked to chromosomal region 10p13-14, which spans 5.41 Mb(More)
Anxiety disorders are among the most common and well studied psychiatric disorders in humans. A number of animal models have been established to study the mechanisms of anxiety and to test putative anxiolytic drugs. Gpr26 belongs to the G-protein-coupled receptor family and is exclusively expressed in brain tissue. To investigate the biological function of(More)
In order to understand the mechanisms of mammalian fertilization, studies using genetically manipulated animals have provided us with plenty of interesting and valuable information on the genetic factors affecting male fertility. In the present work, we demonstrate for the first time that Prss37, a previously uncharacterized putative trypsin-like serine(More)
Craniofacial skeleton mainly originate from the cranial neural crest stem cells (CNCCs), which is a subpopulation of neural crest stem cells (NCCs). Dlx2, a member of the homeodomain family of transcription factors, plays crucial roles in the development of the CNCCs derived craniofacial skeleton. Previous reports reveal that Dlx2-targeted null mutation(More)