Ying Kit Lai

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Anthropometric data on the proximal tibia and distal femur of 172 normal knees (94 male knees, 78 female knees) were obtained using three dimensional computer tomographic measurements. We measured the tibial mediolateral (tML) and tibial anteroposterior (tAP) dimension in resected proximal tibia surface, femoral mediolateral (fML) and femoral(More)
Rice is the principal food for over half of the population of the world. With its genome size of 430 megabase pairs (Mb), the cultivated rice species Oryza sativa is a model plant for genome research. Here we report the sequence analysis of chromosome 4 of O. sativa, one of the first two rice chromosomes to be sequenced completely. The finished sequence(More)
Autophagy, an important catabolic pathway implicated in a broad spectrum of human diseases, begins by forming double membrane autophagosomes that engulf cytosolic cargo and ends by fusing autophagosomes with lysosomes for degradation. Membrane fusion activity is required for early biogenesis of autophagosomes and late degradation in lysosomes. However, the(More)
Parkinson disease and dementia with Lewy bodies are featured with the formation of Lewy bodies composed mostly of α-synuclein (α-Syn) in the brain. Although evidence indicates that the large oligomeric or protofibril forms of α-Syn are neurotoxic agents, the detailed mechanisms of the toxic functions of the oligomers remain unclear. Here, we show that large(More)
Subcellular distribution of rare earth elements (REEs, including 14 lanthanides and yttrium) in a newly discovered REE hyperaccumulator, Pronephrium simplex (P. simplex), was determined by a chemical sequence extraction followed by ICP-MS analysis. Results showed that most REEs are associated with cell wall and proteins, and REEs concentration in the(More)
Synaptotagmin-1 and neuronal SNARE proteins have central roles in evoked synchronous neurotransmitter release; however, it is unknown how they cooperate to trigger synaptic vesicle fusion. Here we report atomic-resolution crystal structures of Ca(2+)- and Mg(2+)-bound complexes between synaptotagmin-1 and the neuronal SNARE complex, one of which was(More)
Previously, we identified 253 cDNAs that are regulated by pollination/fertilization in rice by using a 10K cDNA microarray. In addition, many of them also appeared to be involved in drought and wounding responses. To investigate this relationship, we obtained their expression profiles after dehydration and wounding treatments in this study. Venn diagram(More)
Previously we showed that fast Ca(2+)-triggered vesicle fusion with reconstituted neuronal SNAREs and synaptotagmin-1 begins from an initial hemifusion-free membrane point contact, rather than a hemifusion diaphragm, using a single vesicle-vesicle lipid/content mixing assay (Diao et al., 2012). When complexin-1 was included, a more pronounced(More)
Synaptotagmin 1 (Syt1), a major Ca(2+) sensor in neuroexocytosis, utilizes SNARE- and membrane-binding to regulate vesicle fusion, a required process for neurotransmitter release at the synapse. However, the mechanism by which Syt1 orchestrates SNARE- and membrane- binding to control individual vesicle fusion steps is still unclear. In this study, we used a(More)
Autophagy, a conserved self-eating process for the bulk degradation of cytoplasmic materials, involves double-membrane autophagosomes formed when an isolation membrane emerges and their direct fusion with lysosomes for degradation. For the early biogenesis of autophagosomes and their later degradation in lysosomes, membrane fusion is necessary, although(More)