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A recursive two-step method to recover structure and motion from image sequences based on Kalman filtering is described in this paper. The algorithm consists of two major steps. The first step is an extended Kalman filter for the estimation of the object's pose. The second step is a set of extended Kalman filters, one for each model point, for refining the(More)
In this paper, an innovative extended Kalman filter (EKF) algorithm for pose tracking using the trifocal tensor is proposed. In the EKF, a constant-velocity motion model is used as the dynamic system, and the trifocal-tensor constraint is incorporated into the measurement model. The proposed method has the advantages of those structure- and-motion-based(More)
A recursive two-step method to recover structure and motion from image sequences based on Kalman filtering is described in this paper. The algorithm consists of two major steps. The first step is an extended Kalman filter (EKF) for the estimation of the object's pose. The second step is a set of EKFs, one for each model point, for the refinement of the(More)
This paper describes a genetic algorithm that tackles the pose-estimation problem in computer vision. Our genetic algorithm can find the rotation and translation of an object accurately when the three-dimensional structure of the object is given. In our implementation, each chromosome encodes both the pose and the indexes to the selected point features of(More)
Traditional vision-based 3-D motion estimation algorithms for robots require given or calculated 3-D models while the motion is being tracked. We propose a high-speed extended-Kalman-filter-based approach that recovers position and orientation from stereo image sequences without prior knowledge as well as the procedure for the reconstruction of 3-D(More)
Processing of stereo images has become more and more important in recent years because of the availability of various stereo displaying devices. In particular, stabilizing of stereo images is important and useful especially when the images are obtained from cameras held by inexperienced hands or placed on unstable platforms. In this paper, we propose a new(More)
The q model, a random walk model rich in behavior and applications, is investigated. We introduce and motivate the q model via its application proposed by Coppersmith et al. to the flow of stress through granular matter at rest. For a special value of its parameters the q model has a critical point that we analyze. To characterize the critical point we(More)