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We adopted a rational approach to design cationic lipids for use in formulations to deliver small interfering RNA (siRNA). Starting with the ionizable cationic lipid 1,2-dilinoleyloxy-3-dimethylaminopropane (DLinDMA), a key lipid component of stable nucleic acid lipid particles (SNALP) as a benchmark, we used the proposed in vivo mechanism of action of(More)
Fusarium solani is a soilborne plant pathogen that infects many different hosts. Within the species, there is some specialization, and a number of forma specialis have been described based on host affiliation. One of these, F. solani f. sp. glycines, infects soybean and causes sudden death syndrome. To differentiate between F. solani f. sp. glycines and(More)
Monoclonal antibodies are one of the fastest growing classes of pharmaceutical products, however, their potential is limited by the high cost of development and manufacturing. Here we present a safe and cost-effective platform for in vivo expression of therapeutic antibodies using nucleoside-modified mRNA. To demonstrate feasibility and protective efficacy,(More)
Special (lipid) delivery: The role of the ionizable lipid pK(a) in the in vivo delivery of siRNA by lipid nanoparticles has been studied with a large number of head group modifications to the lipids. A tight correlation between the lipid pK(a) value and silencing of the mouse FVII gene (FVII ED(50) ) was found, with an optimal pK(a) range of 6.2-6.5. The(More)
Lipid nanoparticles (LNPs) encapsulating short interfering RNAs that target hepatic genes are advancing through clinical trials, and early results indicate the excellent gene silencing observed in rodents and nonhuman primates also translates to humans. This success has motivated research to identify ways to further advance this delivery platform. Here, we(More)
In recent years, RNA interference (RNAi) therapeutics, most notably with lipid nanoparticle-based delivery systems, have advanced into human clinical trials. The results from these early clinical trials suggest that lipid nanoparticles (LNPs), and the novel ionizable lipids that comprise them, will be important materials in this emerging field of medicine.(More)
Lipid nanoparticles (LNP) are the leading systems for in vivo delivery of small interfering RNA (siRNA) for therapeutic applications. Formulation of LNP siRNA systems requires rapid mixing of solutions containing cationic lipid with solutions containing siRNA. Current formulation procedures employ macroscopic mixing processes to produce systems 70-nm(More)
Immunostimulatory oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) containing cytosine-guanine (CpG) motifs are powerful stimulators of innate as well as adaptive immune responses, exerting their activity through triggering of the Toll-like receptor 9. We have previously shown that encapsulation in liposomal nanoparticles (LN) enhances the immunostimulatory activity of CpG ODN(More)
There has been significant interest in the potential of cytosine-guanine (CpG) containing oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) as an immunotherapy for malignant, infectious and allergic diseases. While human trials have yielded promising results, clinical use of free CpG ODN still faces several challenges which limit their effectiveness. These include suboptimal in(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are extremely efficient antigen presenting cells (APCs) that are potent stimulators of both T and B cell-mediated immune responses. Although DCs are normally present in very small numbers in the peripheral blood (PB), recent advances have made it possible to generate relatively large numbers of cells in culture. DCs can be(More)