Ying K. Tam

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Special (lipid) delivery: The role of the ionizable lipid pK(a) in the in vivo delivery of siRNA by lipid nanoparticles has been studied with a large number of head group modifications to the lipids. A tight correlation between the lipid pK(a) value and silencing of the mouse FVII gene (FVII ED(50) ) was found, with an optimal pK(a) range of 6.2-6.5. The(More)
Lipid nanoparticles (LNP) are the leading systems for in vivo delivery of small interfering RNA (siRNA) for therapeutic applications. Formulation of LNP siRNA systems requires rapid mixing of solutions containing cationic lipid with solutions containing siRNA. Current formulation procedures employ macroscopic mixing processes to produce systems 70-nm(More)
Lipid nanoparticles (LNPs) are currently the most effective in vivo delivery systems for silencing target genes in hepatocytes employing small interfering RNA. Antigen-presenting cells (APCs) are also potential targets for LNP siRNA. We examined the uptake, intracellular trafficking, and gene silencing potency in primary bone marrow macrophages (bmMΦ) and(More)
Lipid nanoparticles (LNPs) encapsulating short interfering RNAs that target hepatic genes are advancing through clinical trials, and early results indicate the excellent gene silencing observed in rodents and nonhuman primates also translates to humans. This success has motivated research to identify ways to further advance this delivery platform. Here, we(More)
TLR9 recognizes CpG motifs present in pathogenic DNA and triggers potent immune responses. It is generally accepted that TLR9 distinguishes pathogenic DNA based, in part, on methylation status, where TLR9 binds unmethylated but not methylated CpG. However, we showed that methylated CpG induces potent TLR9-mediated responses when delivered in lipid(More)
Monoclonal antibodies are one of the fastest growing classes of pharmaceutical products, however, their potential is limited by the high cost of development and manufacturing. Here we present a safe and cost-effective platform for in vivo expression of therapeutic antibodies using nucleoside-modified mRNA. To demonstrate feasibility and protective efficacy,(More)
Zika virus (ZIKV) has recently emerged as a pandemic associated with severe neuropathology in newborns and adults. There are no ZIKV-specific treatments or preventatives. Therefore, the development of a safe and effective vaccine is a high priority. Messenger RNA (mRNA) has emerged as a versatile and highly effective platform to deliver vaccine antigens and(More)
The androgen receptor plays a critical role in the progression of prostate cancer. Here, we describe targeting the prostate-specific membrane antigen using a lipid nanoparticle formulation containing small interfering RNA designed to silence expression of the messenger RNA encoding the androgen receptor. Specifically, a Glu-urea-Lys PSMA-targeting ligand(More)
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