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We adopted a rational approach to design cationic lipids for use in formulations to deliver small interfering RNA (siRNA). Starting with the ionizable cationic lipid 1,2-dilinoleyloxy-3-dimethylaminopropane (DLinDMA), a key lipid component of stable nucleic acid lipid particles (SNALP) as a benchmark, we used the proposed in vivo mechanism of action of(More)
Fusarium solani is a soilborne plant pathogen that infects many different hosts. Within the species, there is some specialization, and a number of forma specialis have been described based on host affiliation. One of these, F. solani f. sp. glycines, infects soybean and causes sudden death syndrome. To differentiate between F. solani f. sp. glycines and(More)
Immunostimulatory oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) containing cytosine-guanine (CpG) motifs are powerful stimulators of innate as well as adaptive immune responses, exerting their activity through triggering of the Toll-like receptor 9. We have previously shown that encapsulation in liposomal nanoparticles (LN) enhances the immunostimulatory activity of CpG ODN(More)
Special (lipid) delivery: The role of the ionizable lipid pK(a) in the in vivo delivery of siRNA by lipid nanoparticles has been studied with a large number of head group modifications to the lipids. A tight correlation between the lipid pK(a) value and silencing of the mouse FVII gene (FVII ED(50) ) was found, with an optimal pK(a) range of 6.2-6.5. The(More)
Protocatechuic acid (PCA), chlorogenic acid (CA) and luteolin (LT) are plant phenols found in Chinese medicinal herbs such as Lonicera japonica. Cytotoxicity assays showed that PCA, CA and LT (at 100 μmol/L) effectively killed the HepG2 hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Among these three naturally occurring compounds, only PCA was capable of stimulating the(More)
Lipid nanoparticles (LNP) are the leading systems for in vivo delivery of small interfering RNA (siRNA) for therapeutic applications. Formulation of LNP siRNA systems requires rapid mixing of solutions containing cationic lipid with solutions containing siRNA. Current formulation procedures employ macroscopic mixing processes to produce systems 70-nm(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are extremely efficient antigen presenting cells (APCs) that are potent stimulators of both T and B cell-mediated immune responses. Although DCs are normally present in very small numbers in the peripheral blood (PB), recent advances have made it possible to generate relatively large numbers of cells in culture. DCs can be(More)
Lipid nanoparticles (LNPs) are currently the most effective in vivo delivery systems for silencing target genes in hepatocytes employing small interfering RNA. Antigen-presenting cells (APCs) are also potential targets for LNP siRNA. We examined the uptake, intracellular trafficking, and gene silencing potency in primary bone marrow macrophages (bmMΦ) and(More)
LIGHT is a recently cloned novel cytokine belonging to the TNF family that is selectively expressed on immature dendritic cells (iDCs) generated from monocytes isolated from human PBMCs. In these studies, we demonstrate that exogenous soluble LIGHT or soluble CD40 ligand (CD40L) can promote monocyte-derived dendritic cell maturation in vitro by the(More)
Monoclonal antibodies are one of the fastest growing classes of pharmaceutical products, however, their potential is limited by the high cost of development and manufacturing. Here we present a safe and cost-effective platform for in vivo expression of therapeutic antibodies using nucleoside-modified mRNA. To demonstrate feasibility and protective efficacy,(More)