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Bread wheat (Triticum aestivum, AABBDD) is one of the most widely cultivated and consumed food crops in the world. However, the complex polyploid nature of its genome makes genetic and functional analyses extremely challenging. The A genome, as a basic genome of bread wheat and other polyploid wheats, for example, T. turgidum (AABB), T. timopheevii (AAGG)(More)
BACKGROUND The Global Burden of Disease, Injuries, and Risk Factor study 2013 (GBD 2013) is the first of a series of annual updates of the GBD. Risk factor quantification, particularly of modifiable risk factors, can help to identify emerging threats to population health and opportunities for prevention. The GBD 2013 provides a timely opportunity to update(More)
Macroautophagy, which is a lysosomal pathway for the turnover of organelles and long-lived proteins, is a key determinant of cell survival and longevity. In this study, we show that neuronal macroautophagy is induced early in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and before beta-amyloid (Abeta) deposits extracellularly in the presenilin (PS) 1/Abeta precursor protein(More)
In murine L cells, treatment with calpeptin or calpain inhibitor III increased Abeta42, but not Abeta40, secretion in a dose-dependent fashion. This correlated with an increase in the levels of amyloid precursor protein (APP) carboxyl-terminal fragments (CTFs). Immunoprecipitation with novel mAbs directed against the carboxyl-terminus of APP or specific for(More)
Orphan G-protein-coupled receptors are a large class of receptors whose cognate ligands are unknown. SP9155 (also referred to as AQ27 and GPR103) is an orphan G-protein-coupled receptor originally cloned from a human brain cDNA library. SP9155 was found to be predominantly expressed in brain, heart, kidney, retina, and testis. Phylogenetic analysis shows(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS There have been inconsistent results published about the relationship between excess body weight, expressed as increased body mass index (BMI), and risk of colorectal adenoma (CRA). We conducted a meta-analysis to explore this relationship. We focused on whether the relationship varied based on the sex of the study subjects, study design,(More)
BACKGROUND The Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 (GBD 2013) aims to bring together all available epidemiological data using a coherent measurement framework, standardised estimation methods, and transparent data sources to enable comparisons of health loss over time and across causes, age-sex groups, and countries. The GBD can be used to generate summary(More)
AIM To observe the relationship between the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), microvascular density (MVD) and the pathological characteristics of esophageal and gastric carcinomas. METHODS S-P immunohistochemical staining was used to investigate the expression of VEGF in all the specimens. The antibody against factor VIII-related(More)
To increase the coverage of secreted protein prediction, we describe a combination strategy. Instead of using a single method, we combine Hidden Markov Model (HMM)-based methods CJ-SPHMM and TMHMM with PSORT in secreted protein prediction. CJ-SPHMM is an HMM-based signal peptide prediction method, while TMHMM is an HMM-based transmembrane (TM) protein(More)
The ability to predict in vivo clearance from in vitro intrinsic clearance for compounds metabolized by aldehyde oxidase has not been demonstrated. To date, there is no established scaling method for predicting aldehyde oxidase-mediated clearance using in vitro or animal data. This challenge is exacerbated by the fact that rats and dogs, two of the(More)