Ying-Hei Chui

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1. Pyrene was administered i.p. as a single dose to trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Urine was collected continuously for 3 days and bile sampled at the end of this period. Pyrene metabolites in these biological fluids were identified by 1H-nmr spectrometry, glc-ms and hplc-ms. 2. 1-Hydroxypyrene was the major oxidation metabolite in the urine and bile. Small(More)
This study describes the application of LC/MS/MS to the determination of phase I and phase II metabolites of tamoxifen in urine and plasma samples of breast cancer patients. In the plasma extracts, in addition to the parent drug and N-desmethyltamoxifen, a minor metabolite tamoxifen N-oxide was identified for the first time in human. Four intact(More)
The toxicokinetics and bioavailability of [14C]paraquat were examined in rats which had received a single dose (11.6 micrograms/kg) of the herbicide by the iv, intragastric, dermal or pulmonary route. In the pulmonary route studies, rats were exposed to an aqueous solution or liquid aerosols of [14C]paraquat through a tracheal cannula or [14C]paraquat(More)
The metabolic fate of xylazine, 2-(2,6-dimethylphenylamino)-5,6-dihydro-4H-1,3-thiazine, in horses is described. The major metabolites identified in the hydrolyzed horse urine were 2-(4'-hydroxy-2',6'-dimethylphenylamino)-5,6-dihydro-4H-1,3-thiazi ne, 2-(3'-hydroxy-2',6'-dimethylphenylamino)-5,6-dihydro-4H-1,3-thiazi ne, N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)thiourea, and(More)
The effects of chlorinated diphenyl ethers (CDEs) on hepatic mixed-function oxidase (MFO) activities and ultrastructure were examined in the rat and trout after ip administration of 100 mg/kg/day of 4-chlorodiphenyl ether (4-CDE), 2,4-dichlorodiphenyl ether (2,4-diCDE), 2,4,4'-trichlorodiphenyl ether (2,4,4'-triCDE), or 2,4,5,4'-tetrachlorodiphenyl ether(More)
1. The LC50 and the uptake and elimination kinetics of 4-chlorodiphenyl ether (4-CDE), 2,4-dichlorodiphenyl ether (2,4-diCDE), 2,4,4'-trichlorodiphenyl ether (2,4,4'-triCDE) and 2,4,5,4'-tetrachlorodiphenyl ether (2,4,5,4'-tetraCDE) were examined in brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis). The chlorinated diphenyl ethers (CDE) were administered in the water. 2.(More)
A standardbred mare was dosed with 40 mg yohimbine intravenously. Serum and urine samples were collected and analyzed for yohimbine using solvent extraction and reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with fluorescence detection. Maximum yohimbine concentrations of 45 and 18 ng/mL were observed in serum and urine samples, respectively.(More)
Diphenyl ether (DPE) was administered intraperitoneally to rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) and guinea-pigs (Duncan Hartley). DPE metabolites in the urine and bile of trout and the urine of guinea-pigs were isolated and analysed by g.l.c.-mass spectrometry. No unchanged DPE was found in the biological fluids of guinea-pigs and trout. Only conjugated(More)
Metabolism of the anticancer drug 4-hydroxyandrost-4-ene,3,17-dione (4OHA) was studied in cancer patients by HPLC-MS-MS. 40HA was administered orally to a breast cancer patient. The drug was extensively metabolized and was excreted in the urine as the 4OHA-glucuronide, 3 alpha-hydroxy-5 beta-androstan-4,17-dione (3 alpha OHA)-sulfate (or(More)
Flax fibres are being considered as an environmentally friendly alternative to synthetic fibres in fibre-reinforced polymer composites due to their low density, biodegradability, and high mechanical strength. Previous work has found that the surface properties of natural fibres can be modified by chemical treatment and other treatment methods. This study(More)