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Plant responses to ethylene are mediated by regulation of EBF1/2-dependent degradation of the ETHYLENE INSENSITIVE3 (EIN3) transcription factor. Here, we report that the level of EIL1 protein is upregulated by ethylene through an EBF1/2-dependent pathway. Genetic analysis revealed that EIL1 and EIN3 cooperatively but differentially regulate a wide array of(More)
Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL), polyphenol oxidase (PPO), and peroxidase (POD) are considered important biochemical markers in host plant resistance against pest insects. Constitutive activity of these enzymes was analyzed in resistant and susceptible wheat cultivars against cereal aphid Sitobion avenae (F.) at various developmental stages, i.e.,(More)
MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNA molecules that control expression of target genes. Previous studies showed that microRNA-107 (miR-107) is overexpressed in gastric cancer tissues compared with the matched normal tissues. However, it remains largely unclear as to how miR-107 exerts its function and modulates the malignant phenotypes of gastric cancer,(More)
Multiple studies had focused on the association between interleukin-1 (IL-1) rs1143634 polymorphism and aggressive periodontitis (AgP) susceptibility, but the results remained inconclusive. Therefore, this meta-analysis was conducted to explore its role in the development of AgP. PubMed and Embase databases were searched up to April 15, 2014. After study(More)
The dopamine transporter (DAT) is involved in the regulation of extracellular dopamine levels. A 40-bp variable-number tandem repeat (VNTR) polymorphism in the 3′-untranslated region (3′UTR) of the DAT has been reported to be associated with various phenotypes that are involved in the aberrant regulation of dopaminergic neurotransmission. In the present(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Hepatic steatosis is commonly seen in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients. It has been reported to be associated with both metabolic factors and viral factors, and affects the severity of fibrosis in CHC. However, the relationship between hepatic steatosis and chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is unclear. The aims of this study were to(More)
Experimental data suggest that mitochondria is involved in tumorigenesis. However, little is known about the qualitative and quantitative changes of mtDNA in colorectal cancer tissues. We therefore conducted possible correlations of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy number in colorectal cancer (CRC) with clinical and pathological findings and CRC(More)
An enhanced cardiac sympathetic afferent reflex (CSAR) is involved in the sympathetic activation in renovascular hypertension. The present study was designed to determine the role of superoxide anions in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) in mediating the enhanced CSAR and sympathetic activity in renovascular hypertension in the two-kidney, one-clip (2K1C)(More)
Enhancement of the cardiac sympathetic afferent reflex (CSAR) contributes to sympathetic excitation in hypertension. The aim of the present study was to determine whether angiotensin (Ang)-(1-7) in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) modulated the enhanced CSAR and sympathetic activation, and the signaling pathways that mediated these effects in the(More)
Background Morinda officinalis oligosaccharides have been reported to exert neuroprotective and antidepressant-like effects in the forced swim test in mice. However, the mechanisms that underlie the antidepressant-like effects of Morinda officinalis oligosaccharides are unclear. Methods Chronic unpredictable stress and forced swim test were used to(More)