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The hepatitis C virus E1 and E2 envelope proteins are targeted to the endoplasmic reticulum, but instead of being secreted, they are retained in a pre-Golgi compartment, at least partly in a misfolded state. Since secretory proteins which are retained in the endoplasmic reticulum frequently can activate the transcription of intraluminal chaperone proteins,(More)
In the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the lysine acetyltransferase NuA4 has been linked to a host of cellular processes through the acetylation of histone and non-histone targets. To discover proteins regulated by NuA4-dependent acetylation, we performed genome-wide synthetic dosage lethal screens to identify genes whose overexpression is toxic to(More)
Regulatory mechanisms of rat brain Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaM-kinase II) were probed using a synthetic peptide (CaMK-(281-309] corresponding to residues 281-309 (alpha-subunit) which contained the calmodulin (CaM)-binding and inhibitory domains and also the initial autophosphorylation site (Thr286). Kinetic analyses indicated that(More)
CaM-kinase II is a multifunctional protein kinase highly enriched in neural tissues where it modulates a variety of Ca2(+)-dependent processes. A complex regulatory domain in the kinase within residues 281-309 contains an autoinhibitory sequence, a CaM-binding region, and sites of regulatory autophosphorylation. Autophosphorylation on Thr286 converts the(More)
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae transcription factor Aft1 is activated in iron-deficient cells to induce the expression of iron regulon genes, which coordinate the increase of iron uptake and remodel cellular metabolism to survive low-iron conditions. In addition, Aft1 has been implicated in numerous cellular processes including cell-cycle progression and(More)
Direct treatment of brain myelin with freezing/thawing in 0.2 M 2-mercaptoethanol stimulated the endogenous myelin phosphatase activity manyfold when 32P-labeled phosphorylase a was used as a substrate, a result indicating that an endogenous myelin phosphatase is a latent protein phosphatase. When myelin was treated with Triton X-100, this endogenous latent(More)
Substantial amounts of ATP.Mg-dependent phosphorylase phosphatase (Fc. M) and its activator (kinase FA) were identified and extensively purified from pig brain, in spite of the fact that glycogen metabolism in the brain is of little importance. The brain Fc.M was completely inactive and could only be activated by ATP.Mg and FA, isolated either from rabbit(More)
The ATP.Mg-dependent protein phosphatase activating factor (protein kinase FA) was identified to exist in bovine retina. Furthermore, rhodopsin, the visual light pigment associated with rod outer segments in retina, could be well phosphorylated by kinase FA to about 0.9 mol of phosphates per mol of protein. Moreover, more than 90% of the phosphates in(More)
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