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The deacetoxycephalosporin C synthase (DAOCS) from Streptomyces clavuligerus was engineered with the aim of enhancing the conversion of penicillin G into phenylacetyl-7-aminodeacetoxycephalosporanic acid, a precursor of 7-aminodeacetoxycephalosporanic acid, for industrial application. A single round of random mutagenesis followed by the screening of 5,500(More)
The deacetoxycephalosporin C synthase from Streptomyces clavuligerus was directly modified for enhancement of penicillin G expansion into phenylacetyl-7-aminodeacetoxycephalosporanic acid, an important intermediate in the industrial manufacture of cephalosporin antibiotics. Nine new mutants, mutants M73T, T91A, A106T, C155Y, Y184H, M188V, M188I, H244Q, and(More)
Lactobacillus plantarum K68 (isolated from fu-tsai) and fruit-vegetable ferment (FVF) have been tested for antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties in a rat model of insulin resistance, induced by chronic high fat-fructose diet. Fifty rats were equally assigned into control (CON), high fat-fructose diet (HFFD), HFFD plus K68, HFFD plus(More)
Asia differs substantially among and within its regions populated by diverse ethnic groups, which maintain their own respective cultures and dietary habits. To address the diversity in their gut microbiota, we characterized the bacterial community in fecal samples obtained from 303 school-age children living in urban or rural regions in five countries(More)
Ingestion of specific probiotics, namely "psychobiotics", produces psychotropic effects on behavior and affects the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and neurochemicals in the brain. We examined the psychotropic effects of a potential psychobiotic bacterium, Lactobacillus plantarum strain PS128 (PS128), on mice subjected to early life stress (ELS) and on(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated beneficial effects of specific probiotics on alleviating obesity-related disorders. Here we aimed to identify probiotics with potential antiobesity activity among 88 lactic acid bacterial strains via in vitro screening assays, and a Lactobacillus plantarum strain K21 was found to harbor abilities required for hydrolyzing(More)
Glucooligosaccharide oxidase from Acremonium strictum was screened for potential applications in oligosaccharide acid production and carbohydrate detection. This protein is a unique covalent flavoenzyme which catalyzes the oxidation of a variety of carbohydrates with high selectivity for cello- and maltooligosaccharides. Kinetic measurements suggested that(More)
Probiotics, defined as live bacteria or bacterial products, confer a significant health benefit to the host, including amelioration of anxiety-like behavior and psychiatric illnesses. Here we administered Lactobacillus plantarum PS128 (PS128) to a germ-free (GF) mouse model to investigate the impact of the gut-brain axis on emotional behaviors. First, we(More)