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Scopoletin was isolated from Sinomonium acutum and studied using four experimental models designed to assess antioxidant properties. The results indicated that scopoletin scavenged superoxide anion in the xanthine/xanthine oxidase reaction system in a concentration-dependent manner, but did not inhibit xanthine oxidase. Scopoletin may therefore be(More)
The deacetoxycephalosporin C synthase (DAOCS) from Streptomyces clavuligerus was engineered with the aim of enhancing the conversion of penicillin G into phenylacetyl-7-aminodeacetoxycephalosporanic acid, a precursor of 7-aminodeacetoxycephalosporanic acid, for industrial application. A single round of random mutagenesis followed by the screening of 5,500(More)
The deacetoxycephalosporin C synthase from Streptomyces clavuligerus was directly modified for enhancement of penicillin G expansion into phenylacetyl-7-aminodeacetoxycephalosporanic acid, an important intermediate in the industrial manufacture of cephalosporin antibiotics. Nine new mutants, mutants M73T, T91A, A106T, C155Y, Y184H, M188V, M188I, H244Q, and(More)
Angelica sinensis (AS), an herb used in traditional Chinese medicine, is thought to have anti-inflammatory activities. Ligustilide is its most abundant ingredient. This study sought to determine ligustilide's effects on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Ligustilide significantly suppressed the production of nitric oxide(More)
Fu-tsai and suan-tsai are spontaneously fermented mustard products traditionally prepared by the Hakka tribe of Taiwan. We chose 5 different processing stages of these products for analysis of the microbial community of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. From 500 LAB isolates we identified 119 representative strains belonging to 5(More)
Elevated expression of fucosylated glycoconjugates and fucosyltransferases (Fuc-Ts) is found in various tumor cells and has been correlated with aspects of tumor progression such as cell adhesion and metastasis. Thus, fucosyltransferase inhibitors are potentially useful as anti-tumor agents. In the present study, three known spirocyclic drimanes (1, 2, and(More)
A continuous supply of O(2) is important for itaconic acid production in Aspergillus terreus. Any interruption of aeration significantly reduces itaconic acid production. To overcome this effect, A. terreus M8 was transformed with the Vitreoscilla hemoglobin gene (vgb) which, as shown by Southern hybridization, was integrated into the recipient chromosome.(More)
Asia differs substantially among and within its regions populated by diverse ethnic groups, which maintain their own respective cultures and dietary habits. To address the diversity in their gut microbiota, we characterized the bacterial community in fecal samples obtained from 303 school-age children living in urban or rural regions in five countries(More)
Most skin lesions heal delay and even heal efficiently within 1-2 weeks, the healed tissue is neither aesthetically nor functionally perfect. Therefore, facilitating skin healing rate and controlling healed skin quality are major aims of drug treatment for a wound event. Bismuth subgallate (BS) and Borneol (BO) are the two components of Sulbogin, a new(More)