Ying-Chao Lin

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Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is one of the most lethal types of tumors and highly metastatic and invasive. The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is the crucial step for cancer cells to initiate the metastasis and could be induced by many growth factors. In this study, we found that GBM8401 cells were converted to fibroblastic phenotype and the(More)
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is defined by a lack of expression of the estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER 2). Therefore, targeted therapy agents may not be used, and therapy is largely limited to chemotherapy. Doxorubicin treatment consequently acquires undesired malignance characteristics(More)
Immune escape is a characteristic of cancer progression, but its underlying molecular mechanism is still poorly understood. An immunomodulatory protein, indoleamide 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), is induced by gamma-interferon (IFN-gamma) in several immune cells; those cells are observed in cancer cell microenvironment and can enhance immune escape. Previous(More)
Complex diseases are typically caused by combinations of molecular disturbances that vary widely among different patients. Endophenotypes, a combination of genetic factors associated with a disease, offer a simplified approach to dissect complex trait by reducing genetic heterogeneity. Because molecular dissimilarities often exist between patients with(More)
Copy number variation (CNV) is a form of DNA sequence variation in the human genome. CNVs can affect expression of nearby and distant genes, and some of them might cause certain phenotypic differences. CNVs vary slightly in location and frequency among different populations. Because currently-available CNV information from Asian population was limited to(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and lethal type of primary brain tumor. Despite recent therapeutic advances in other cancers, the treatment of GBM remains ineffective and essentially palliative. The current focus lies in the finding of components that activate the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), one key enzyme thought to be activated(More)
Human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2)-positive breast cancer tends to be aggressive, highly metastatic, and drug resistant and spreads rapidly. Studies have indicated that emodin inhibits HER-2 expression. This study compared the HER-2-inhibitory effects of two compounds extracted from rhubarb roots: aloe-emodin (AE) and rhein. Our results(More)
While fatty acid synthase (FASN) has been shown to be expressed in many human solid tumors, FASN has also been identified in preneoplastic lesions. HER2, which has also been identified in preneoplastic breast lesions, has been shown to upregulate FASN expression. Osthole, an active constituent isolated from the fruit of Cnidium monnieri (L.) Cusson, a(More)
Graves' disease is the leading cause of hyperthyroidism affecting 1.0-1.6% of the population. Antithyroid drugs are the treatment cornerstone, but may cause life-threatening agranulocytosis. Here we conduct a two-stage association study on two separate subject sets (in total 42 agranulocytosis cases and 1,208 Graves' disease controls), using direct human(More)
Demethoxycurcumin (DMC), curcumin (Cur), and bisdemethoxycurcumin (BDMC) are major forms of curcuminoids found in the rhizomes of turmeric. This study examined the effects of three curcuminoid analogues on breast cancer cells. The results revealed that DMC demonstrated the most potent cytotoxic effects on breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells. Compared with(More)