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RNA structure has critical roles in processes ranging from ligand sensing to the regulation of translation, polyadenylation and splicing. However, a lack of genome-wide in vivo RNA structural data has limited our understanding of how RNA structure regulates gene expression in living cells. Here we present a high-throughput, genome-wide in vivo RNA structure(More)
Berardinelli-Seip congenital lipodystrophy type 2 (BSCL2) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by an almost complete loss of adipose tissue, insulin resistance and fatty liver. Here, we create the first murine model of BSCL2 by targeted disruption of seipin, the causative gene for BSCL2. Compared with their wild-type littermates, the seipin(-/-)(More)
RNA structure plays important roles in diverse biological processes. However, the structures of all but the few most abundant RNAs are presently unknown in vivo. Here we introduce DMS/SHAPE-LMPCR to query the in vivo structures of low-abundance transcripts. DMS/SHAPE-LMPCR achieves attomole sensitivity, a 100,000-fold improvement over conventional methods.(More)
Glucocorticoid injection is widely used in tendon disorders. Despite previous studies on the histologic and biomechanical changes in tendons after glucocorticoid injections, the role of glucocorticoid in tendon rupture still is controversial. It was hypothesized that glucocorticoid has a direct deleterious effect on human tenocytes, suppressing its cellular(More)
Adiponectin (APN) is an adipocyte-secreted adipokine that exerts well-characterized antidiabetic properties. Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are characterized by reduced APN levels in circulation and impaired stem cell and progenitor cell mobilization from the bone marrow for tissue repair and remodeling. In this study, we found that APN regulates the(More)
Adiponectin is an adipokine that sensitizes the body to insulin. Low levels of adiponectin have been reported in obesity, diabetes and periodontitis. In this study we established experimental periodontitis in male adiponectin knockout and diet-induced obesity mice, a model of obesity and type 2 diabetes, and aimed at evaluating the therapeutic potential of(More)
OBJECTIVES Epidemiological findings regarding the association between total fluid intake and bladder cancer risk have yielded varying results. Our objective is to examine the possible associations between total fluid intake and bladder cancer risk. METHODS Databases searched include the EMBASE and PUBMED, from inception to February 2014, with no limits on(More)
RNA folds into intricate structures that enable its pivotal roles in biology, ranging from regulation of gene expression to ligand sensing and enzymatic functions. Therefore, elucidating RNA structure can provide profound insights into living systems. A recent marriage between in vivo RNA structure probing and next-generation sequencing (NGS) has(More)
Blended films were prepared from a silk fibroin (SF) solution by adding a small amount of type I collagen (<5%). The mechanical properties of the wet films modified by collagen were improved obviously. The elongation at break reached 42%, and the smaller contact angles revealed that modified films had better hydrophilicity. 1% heparin was also added to(More)
The Petri net formalism has been proved to be a powerful method in biological modeling. It not only boasts of a most intuitive graphical and network presentation, but also combines the methods of classical systems biology with discrete modeling technique. Hybrid Functional Petri net (HFPN) was proposed specially for biological system modeling in 2003. An(More)