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The complete nucleotide sequence and the deduced amino acid sequence of the genome of dengue virus type 1 (Singapore strain S275/90) were determined from cDNA clones. The single-stranded, positive-sense RNA is 10,718 nucleotides in length and contains a single long open reading frame of 10,188 nucleotides encoding a polyprotein of 3396 amino acids. The(More)
The complete nonstructural NS5 gene of dengue type 1 virus, Singapore strain S275/90 (D1-S275/90) was expressed in Escherichia coli as a glutathione S-transferase (GST) fusion protein (126 kDa). The GST-NS5 fusion protein was purified and the recombinant NS5 protein released from the fusion protein by thrombin cleavage. The recombinant NS5 had a predicted(More)
Bioactive conformation of drugs is one of the key points for understanding the ligand-receptor interactions. In the present study, by combining density functional theory-based (DFT-based) conformation analysis with quantitative structure-activity relationship analysis (QSAR), we developed successfully a new approach (DFT/QSAR) to carry out bioactive(More)
We had previously reported the cloning of the complete genome of an isolate of hepatitis C virus (HCV), HCV-S1, of genotype 1b. We have constructed a full-length complementary DNA (cDNA) clone of HCV-S1 using nine overlapping cDNA clones that encompassed its entire genome. HCV core, E1, E2, NS-3, -4B, -5A, and -5B proteins were detected in 293T cells by(More)
Chronic infection by hepatitis C virus (HCV) can lead to severe hepatitis and cirrhosis and is closely associated with hepatocellular carcinoma. The replication cycle of HCV is poorly understood but is likely to involve interaction with host factors. In this report, we show that NS5B, the HCV RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp), interacts with a human RNA(More)
Human interferon stimulates a transient two- to threefold increase in the concentration of diacylglycerol and inositol tris-phosphate within 15 to 30 seconds of cell exposure to interferon. Antibodies to interferon inhibit this effect. The stimulation was measurable in isolated cell membranes exposed to interferon. Human alpha and beta, but not gamma,(More)
Human beta-interferon stimulates a 4-fold increase in the concentration of diacyglycerol and a 2-fold increase in the concentration of inositol monophosphate in Daudi (human B-lymphoblastoid) cells within 30 sec of exposure of the cells to interferon. The increase in diacylglycerol and in inositol monophosphate is transient and the concentrations of these(More)