Yin-Hung Lai

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This work demonstrates a quantitative interpretation of ion desorption in matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI). The theoretical modeling incorporates transition state theory for the desorption of surface ions, assuming chemical and thermal equilibrium in the solid state prior to desorption. It is distinct from conventional models that assume(More)
Glycoconjugates are ubiquitously present and play a critical role in various biological processes. Due to their low stability and incredibly high degree of structural diversity, the structural characterization of glycan generally requires chemical derivatization and sophisticated instrumentation. Herein, we report a method for complicated glycan(More)
Diamond nanoparticles (DNPs) were incorporated into matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) samples to enhance the sensitivity of the mass spectrometer to carbohydrates. The DNPs optimize the MALDI sample morphology and thermalize the samples for thermally labile compounds because they have a high thermal conductivity, a low extinction(More)
This investigation concerns the initial chemical reactions that affect the ionization of matrixes in matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI). The study focuses on the relaxations of photon energy that occur on a comparable time scale to that of ionization, in which the available laser energy is shared and the ionization condition is changed. The(More)
This work demonstrates a method to prepare homogeneous distributions of analytes to improve data reproducibility in matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) mass spectrometry (MS). Natural-air drying processes normally result in unwanted heterogeneous spatial distributions of analytes in MALDI crystals and make quantitative analysis difficult.(More)
Although matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) mass spectrometry is one of the most widely used soft ionization methods for biomolecules, the lack of detailed understanding of ionization mechanisms restricts its application in the analysis of carbohydrates. Structural identification of carbohydrates achieved by MALDI mass spectrometry helps us(More)
RATIONALE Although several reaction models have been proposed in the literature to explain matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI), further study is still necessary to explore the important ionization pathways that occur under the high-temperature environment of MALDI. 2,4,6-Trihydroxyacetophenone (THAP) is an ideal compound for evaluating the(More)
The rate of hydrogen-deuterium exchange (HDX) in aqueous droplets of phenethylamine has been determined with submillisecond temporal resolution by mass spectrometry using nanoelectrospray ionization with a theta-capillary. The average speed of the microdroplets is measured using microparticle image velocimetry. The droplet travel time is varied from 20 to(More)
A comprehensive theoretical calculation that couples space- and velocity-focusing is developed for optimizing the design of a time-of-flight (TOF) mass spectrometer. Conventional designs for ion sources of TOF mass spectrometers deviate from the optimal condition because the velocity- and space-focusing conditions are considered separately for two ions with(More)
This protocol demonstrates a simple sample preparation to reduce spatial heterogeneity in ion signals during matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) mass spectrometry. The heterogeneity of ion signals is a severe problem in MALDI, which results in poor data reproducibility and makes MALDI unsuitable for quantitative analysis. By regulating(More)
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