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Polyploidization has provided much genetic variation for plant adaptive evolution, but the mechanisms by which the molecular evolution of polyploid genomes establishes genetic architecture underlying species differentiation are unclear. Brassica is an ideal model to increase knowledge of polyploid evolution. Here we describe a draft genome sequence of(More)
Cystic echinococcosis (hydatid disease), caused by the tapeworm E. granulosus, is responsible for considerable human morbidity and mortality. This cosmopolitan disease is difficult to diagnose, treat and control. We present a draft genomic sequence for the worm comprising 151.6 Mb encoding 11,325 genes. Comparisons with the genome sequences from other taxa(More)
Neuronal conversion from human fibroblasts can be induced by lineage-specific transcription factors; however, the introduction of ectopic genes limits the therapeutic applications of such induced neurons (iNs). Here, we report that human fibroblasts can be directly converted into neuronal cells by a chemical cocktail of seven small molecules, bypassing a(More)
Microsatellite markers are widely used in linkage mapping, parentage testing, population genetic studies, and molecular evolution studies in many agricultural species, while only a limited number of ostrich (Struthio camelus) microsatellites have been isolated. Thus, we constructed a random small-insert genomic library and a microsatellite-enriched library(More)
As an arsenical, realgar (As4S4) is known as a poison and paradoxically as a therapeutic agent. However, a complete understanding of the precise biochemical alterations accompanying the toxicity and therapy effects of realgar is lacking. Using a combined ultrafast liquid chromatography (UFLC) coupled with ion trap time-of-flight mass spectrometry(More)
Species in the ascomycete fungal genus Cordyceps have been proposed to be the teleomorphs of Metarhizium species. The latter have been widely used as insect biocontrol agents. Cordyceps species are highly prized for use in traditional Chinese medicines, but the genes responsible for biosynthesis of bioactive components, insect pathogenicity and the control(More)
A hemin functionalized graphene sheet was prepared via the noncovalent assembly of hemin on nitrogen-doped graphene. The graphene sheet could act as an oxygen reduction catalyst to produce sensitive electrochemiluminescent (ECL) quenching of quantum dots (QDs) due to the annihilation of dissolved oxygen, the ECL coreactant, by its electrocatalytic(More)
Realgar (As(4)S(4)) is a traditional medicine used in China and Europe for thousands of years. As an arsenical, the toxicity from realgar has raised public concern. Several organic acids in urine are found to be potential biomarkers of realgar exposure, including taurine, citric, glutamic, lactic, pyruvic, succinic and uric acid. In this study, using(More)
We evaluated the potential of dendritic cells (DCs) engineered to express antigen of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in priming Th/Tc and HBV-specific CTL responses in mice. Recombinant adenovirus expressing hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) (Ad-S) was constructed, and bone marrow-derived DCs were transduced with Ad-S or pulsed with HBsAg protein. Mice were(More)
AIM To obtain the information of ligand-receptor binding between the S protein of SARS-CoV and CD13, identify the possible interacting domains or motifs related to binding sites, and provide clues for studying the functions of SARS proteins and designing anti-SARS drugs and vaccines. METHODS On the basis of comparative genomics, the homology search,(More)