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Methionine adenosyltransferases (MAT's) are central enzymes in living organisms that have been conserved with a high degree of homology among species. In the liver, MAT I and III, tetrameric and dimeric isoforms of the same catalytic subunit encoded by the gene MAT1A, account for the predominant portion of total body synthesis of S-adenosylmethionine (SAM),(More)
Barth syndrome presents in infancy with hypotonia, dilated cardiomyopathy, and neutropenia. We report a patient whose family history included two males who had died suddenly at the age of 15 days and 2 years, respectively. The index case presented with acute metabolic decompensation at 13 days of age. Within 8 h of presenting with metabolic acidosis (pH(More)
BACKGROUND This paper summarizes the results of a group effort to bring together the worldwide available data on patients who are either homozygotes or compound heterozygotes for mutations in MAT1A. MAT1A encodes the subunit that forms two methionine adenosyltransferase isoenzymes, tetrameric MAT I and dimeric MAT III, that catalyze the conversion of(More)
OBJECTIVE Pompe disease causes progressive, debilitating, and often life-threatening musculoskeletal, respiratory, and cardiac symptoms. Favorable outcomes with early intravenous enzyme-replacement therapy and alglucosidase alfa have been reported, but early clinical diagnosis before the development of severe symptoms has rarely been possible in infants. (More)
Glutaric aciduria type I (GA-I) is an inborn error of lysine and tryptophan metabolism. Clinical manifestations of GA-I include dystonic or dyskinetic cerebral palsy, but when the symptoms occur, treatment is not effective. In Taiwan, newborn screening for GA-I started in 2001; we wish to evaluate the outcomes of patients detected through newborn screening.(More)
PURPOSE To achieve clinical validation of cutoff values for newborn screening by tandem mass spectrometry through a worldwide collaborative effort. METHODS Cumulative percentiles of amino acids and acylcarnitines in dried blood spots of approximately 25–30 million normal newborns and 10,742 deidentified true positive cases are compared to assign clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Pompe disease presents with a wide variety of phenotypes ranging from a fatal disease in infancy (the infantile-onset form) to other milder later-onset forms. Currently, the clinical manifestations in Chinese patients with later-onset Pompe disease are still not well understood. METHODS Fifteen Chinese patients who were clinically diagnosed(More)
BACKGROUND Pompe disease is caused by a deficiency in acid α-glucosidase (GAA) and results in progressive, debilitating, and often life-threatening symptoms. Newborn screening has led to the early diagnosis of Pompe disease, but the best algorithm for screening has not yet been established. MATERIALS AND METHODS GAA and neutral α-glucosidase (NAG)(More)
Pompe disease is caused by autosomal recessive mutations in the acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA) gene, which encodes GAA. Although enzyme replacement therapy has recently improved patient survival greatly, the results in skeletal muscles and for advanced disease are still not satisfactory. Here, we report the derivation of Pompe disease-induced pluripotent stem(More)
In Taiwan, during the period March 2000 to June 2009, 1,495,132 neonates were screened for phenylketonuria (PKU) and homocystinuria (HCU), and 1,321,123 neonates were screened for maple syrup urine disease (MSUD), methylmalonic academia (MMA), medium-chain acyl-coenzyme A (CoA) dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency, isovaleric academia (IVA), and glutaric(More)