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For terrestrial vertebrates, water economy is a prerequisite for survival, and the kidney is their major osmoregulatory organ. Birds are the only vertebrates other than mammals that can concentrate urine in adaptation to terrestrial environments. Aquaporin (AQP) and glyceroporin (GLP) are phylogenetically old molecules and have been found in plants,(More)
Water deprivation or arginine vasotocin upregulates aquaporin-2 (AQP2) expression in apical and subapical regions of medullary collecting duct (CD) cells of Coturnix coturnix quail (q) kidneys. We therefore aimed to determine whether the CD has AQPs mediating water exit from the intracellular to the extracellular (interstitial) space. Using a homologue(More)
Before sexual maturation, chickens (Gallus gallus) show high blood pressure (BP) and neointimal plaques in the lower abdominal aortae (AbA). We investigated age/sex-related changes in pulse wave velocity (PWV), elastin, collagen, and protein levels in AbA, and cardiac morphology to determine whether PWV increases during incremental increases in BP of(More)
Avian kidneys have loopless and looped nephrons; a countercurrent multiplier mechanism operates in the latter by NaCl recycling. We identified an aquaporin-2 (AQP2) homolog in apical/subapical regions of cortical and medullary collecting duct (CD) cells in kidneys of Japanese quail (q), Coturnix japonica. We investigated whether undernutrition during the(More)
Birds and mammals are the only vertebrates that can concentrate urine. Avian kidneys contain structurally primitive loopless nephrons and also more advanced looped nephrons, in the cortical and medullary regions, respectively. We have identified the gene sequence of an aquaporin 2 (AQP2)-homologue water channel in collecting ducts of kidneys from adult(More)
Fowl (males more than females) show maturation-dependent rises in blood pressure (BP) and formation of neointimal plaques (NPs), resembling balloon catheter injury-induced neointima, in the abdominal aorta (AbA) just above the bifurcation. The plaque comprises neointimal cells containing abundant endoplasmic reticulum and extracellular matrix. Hence, we(More)
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