Learn More
Congenital generalized hypertrichosis terminalis (CGHT) is a rare condition characterized by universal excessive growth of pigmented terminal hairs and often accompanied with gingival hyperplasia. In the present study, we describe three Han Chinese families with autosomal-dominant CGHT and a sporadic case with extreme CGHT and gingival hyperplasia. We first(More)
Marie Unna hereditary hypotrichosis (MUHH) is an autosomal dominant form of genetic hair loss. In a large Chinese family carrying MUHH, we identified a pathogenic initiation codon mutation in U2HR, an inhibitory upstream ORF in the 5' UTR of the gene encoding the human hairless homolog (HR). U2HR is predicted to encode a 34-amino acid peptide that is highly(More)
The metabolism of the cruciferous phytoalexins brassinin and cyclobrassinin, and the related compounds indole-3-carboxaldehyde, glucobrassicin, and indole-3-acetaldoxime was investigated in various plant tissues of Brassica juncea and B. rapa. Metabolic studies with brassinin showed that stems of B. juncea metabolized radiolabeled brassinin to(More)
Classically (M1) and alternatively (M2) activated macrophage subsets play differential roles in left ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI). The precise mechanism underlying the regulation of M1/M2 polarization during MI is unknown. We hypothesized that class A scavenger receptor (SR-A), a key modulator of inflammation, may steer macrophage(More)
Reducing circulating LDL-cholesterol (LDL-c) reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease in people with hypercholesterolemia. Current approaches to reduce circulating LDL-c include statins, which inhibit cholesterol synthesis, and ezetimibe, which blocks cholesterol absorption. Both elevate serum PCSK9 protein levels in patients, which could attenuate their(More)
OBJECTIVE Vascular cells, particularly endothelial cells, adopt aerobic glycolysis to generate energy to support cellular functions. The effect of endothelial glycolysis on angiogenesis remains unclear. 6-Phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2, 6-bisphosphatase, isoform 3 (PFKFB3) is a critical enzyme for endothelial glycolysis. By blocking or deleting PFKFB3 in(More)
Coagulation factor XII (FXII) plays a central role in initiating the intrinsic cascade of blood coagulation. Purified recombinant Human Albumin-tagged Infestin-4 (rHA-Infestin-4) is a recently described FXIIa inhibitor that displayed strong anticoagulant activity without compromising haemostasis in several animal models. We pursued detailed in vitro(More)
This report aims at exploring quantitatively the relationship between FXII inhibition and thromboprotection. FXII full and partial null in rats were established via zinc finger nuclease-mediated knockout and siRNA-mediated knockdown, respectively. The rats were subsequently characterized in thrombosis and hemostasis models. Knockout rats exhibited complete(More)
The effect of sulfated cyclodextrins on Plasmodium falciparum cultures was determined. alpha-, beta-, and gamma-Cyclodextrins having equal degrees of sulfation inhibited parasite viability to a similar degree, a result suggesting that the ring size of the cyclodextrin is not a critical factor for inhibitory activity. beta-Cyclodextrins containing fewer than(More)
Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), a bioactive lipid, signals through cell surface receptors to induce vasoconstriction and activate endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), suggesting a role for S1P in vascular tone modulation. Using a model of aging in female rats, we investigated the vasoactivity of S1P and the roles of eNOS and estrogen replacement in(More)