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Congenital generalized hypertrichosis terminalis (CGHT) is a rare condition characterized by universal excessive growth of pigmented terminal hairs and often accompanied with gingival hyperplasia. In the present study, we describe three Han Chinese families with autosomal-dominant CGHT and a sporadic case with extreme CGHT and gingival hyperplasia. We first(More)
OBJECTIVE Vascular cells, particularly endothelial cells, adopt aerobic glycolysis to generate energy to support cellular functions. The effect of endothelial glycolysis on angiogenesis remains unclear. 6-Phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2, 6-bisphosphatase, isoform 3 (PFKFB3) is a critical enzyme for endothelial glycolysis. By blocking or deleting PFKFB3 in(More)
Cardiac fibrosis is a fundamental constituent of a variety of cardiac dysfunction, making it a leading cause of death worldwide. However, no effective treatment for cardiac fibrosis is available. Therefore, novel therapeutics for cardiac fibrosis are highly needed. Recently, miR-19b has been found to be able to protect hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 )-induced(More)
Reducing circulating LDL-cholesterol (LDL-c) reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease in people with hypercholesterolemia. Current approaches to reduce circulating LDL-c include statins, which inhibit cholesterol synthesis, and ezetimibe, which blocks cholesterol absorption. Both elevate serum PCSK9 protein levels in patients, which could attenuate their(More)
Classically (M1) and alternatively (M2) activated macrophage subsets play differential roles in left ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI). The precise mechanism underlying the regulation of M1/M2 polarization during MI is unknown. We hypothesized that class A scavenger receptor (SR-A), a key modulator of inflammation, may steer macrophage(More)
Marie Unna hereditary hypotrichosis (MUHH) is an autosomal dominant form of genetic hair loss. In a large Chinese family carrying MUHH, we identified a pathogenic initiation codon mutation in U2HR, an inhibitory upstream ORF in the 5' UTR of the gene encoding the human hairless homolog (HR). U2HR is predicted to encode a 34-amino acid peptide that is highly(More)
Keloids are tumor-like skin scars that grow as a result of the aberrant healing of skin injuries, with no effective treatment. The molecular mechanism underlying keloid pathogenesis is still largely unknown. In this study, we compared microRNA (miRNA) expression profiles between keloid-derived fibroblasts and normal fibroblasts (including fetal and adult(More)
Photoinduced organic oxidation with iron (hydr)oxides in aqueous suspension has been argued with respect to two principal mechanisms: (a) photoinduced ligand-to-metal charge transfer within a surface complex and (b) semiconductor photocatalysis. In this work, the photodegradation of azo dye orange II with UV light (lambda > or = 320 nm) in the aerated(More)
Class A scavenger receptor (SR-A) is a multifunctional molecule that participates in macrophage-mediated inflammation. Here we evaluated the role of SR-A in angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced hypertensive vascular remodeling. Chronic infusion of Ang II leads to an increased systolic blood pressure both in SR-A knockout (SR-A(-/-)) and wild type (SR-A(+/+))(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the diagnostic value of the Inlet-to-outlet median nerve area ratio (IOR) in patients with clinically and electrophysiologically confirmed carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). METHODS Forty-six wrists in 46 consecutive patients with clinical and electrodiagnostic evidence of CTS and forty-four wrists in 44 healthy volunteers were examined(More)