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We determine the phylogenetic backbone of the East Asian mtDNA tree by using published complete mtDNA sequences and assessing both coding and control region variation in 69 Han individuals from southern China. This approach assists in the interpretation of published mtDNA data on East Asians based on either control region sequencing or restriction fragment(More)
Medium access control (MAC) protocols have a large impact on the achievable system performance for wireless ad hoc networks. Because of the limitations of existing analytical models for ad hoc networks, many researchers have opted to study the impact of MAC protocols via discrete-event simulations. However, as the network scenarios, traffic patterns and(More)
This paper is to describe our machine translation evaluation systems used for participation in the WMT13 shared Metrics Task. In the Metrics task, we submitted two automatic MT evaluation systems nLEPOR_baseline and LEPOR_v3.1. nLEPOR_baseline is an n-gram based language independent MT evaluation metric employing the factors of modified sentence length(More)
This paper describes our ongoing work on grammatical error correction (GEC). Focusing on all possible error types in a real-life environment, we propose a factored statistical machine translation (SMT) model for this task. We consider error correction as a series of language translation problems guided by various linguistic information, as factors that(More)
The HLXB9 homeobox gene was recently identified as a locus for autosomal dominant Currarino syndrome, also known as hereditary sacral agenesis (HSA). This gene specifies a 403-amino acid protein containing a homeodomain preceded by a very highly conserved 82-amino acid domain of unknown function; the remainder of the protein is not well conserved. Here we(More)
PURPOSE In order to determine whether infection with Helicobacter pylori might be associated with pancreatic adenocarcinoma, we performed a study to compare the H. pylori seroprevalence rate between patients with pancreatic carcinoma and matched control subjects. PATIENTS AND METHODS Blood samples from 92 patients with histologically confirmed diagnosis(More)
Image scrambling is one important method in image encryption field. By using some characteristics of chaos system, e.g. the sensitivity to initial conditions, the sensitivity to parameter and the pseudo-randomicity, this paper presents one image scrambling algorithm based on chaotic mapping. In order to achieve an effect of image scrambling, each pair of(More)
Autosomal dominant sacral agenesis is characterised by a partial agenesis of the sacrum typically involving sacral vertebrae S2-S5 only. Associated features include anorectal malformation, a presacral mass, and urogenital malformation. Together , these features have been defined as the Currarino syndrome. Recently, HLXB9 has been identified as the major(More)
Although it has been long recognized that tomato fruit set is linked to the assimilate competition inside plant, quantitative relationship between them have rarely been reported. A reason can be that the dynamic of the internal sink source ratio is hard to measure. In this study, a plant growth model is applied to reveal the ratio between plant assimilate(More)