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Center of Origin and Centers of Diversity in an Ancient Crop, Brassica rapa (Turnip Rape).
TLDR
This study supports the theory that the classical Old World is the center of origin of B. rapa, with centers of diversity in east Asia and along ancient trade routes in Asia, with recent migration to the New World.
Differential display proteomic analysis of Picea meyeri pollen germination and pollen-tube growth after inhibition of actin polymerization by latrunculin B.
TLDR
Findings provide new insights into the multifaceted mechanism of actin cytoskeleton functions and its interaction with signalling, cell-expansion machinery and energy-providing pathways.
Molecular cloning and characterization of a KCS gene from Cardamine graeca and its heterologous expression in Brassica oilseeds to engineer high nervonic acid oils for potential medical and
TLDR
The Cardamine KCS: B. carinata high nervonic/highly reduced erucic transgenic seed oils will be the most suitable for testing in pharmaceutical/nutraceutical applications to improve human and animal health.
Increase in nervonic acid content in transformed yeast and transgenic plants by introduction of a Lunaria annua L. 3-ketoacyl-CoA synthase (KCS) gene
TLDR
The functional utility of the Lunaria KCS is shown in engineering new sources of high nervonate/reduced erucic oils in the Brassicaceae, and there was a very good correlation between the Lun KCS transcript intensity and the resultant 22:1-CoA KCS activity in developing seed.
9-cis-Epoxycarotenoid Dioxygenase 3 Regulates Plant Growth and Enhances Multi-Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Rice
TLDR
It is concluded that OsNCED3 mediates seed dormancy, plant growth, abiotic stress tolerance, and leaf senescence by regulating ABA biosynthesis in rice; and may provide a new strategy for improving the quality of crop.
Getting Folded: Chaperone Proteins in Muscle Development, Maintenance and Disease
TLDR
How chaperone proteins are involved in myofibrillogenesis, sarcomere maintenance, and muscle disorders is discussed and the possibilities of therapeutically targeting chaperones to treat muscle disease are considered.
Nondestructive Phenomic Tools for the Prediction of Heat and Drought Tolerance at Anthesis in Brassica Species
TLDR
Whole plant volume was highly correlated with fresh weight changes, suggesting that whole plant imaging may be a useful surrogate for fresh weight in future studies, and Vcmax, TPU, and volume of flowers are potential nondestructive phenomic traits for heat or combined heat and drought stress tolerance screening in Brassica germplasm.
Drosophila myosin mutants model the disparate severity of type 1 and type 2B distal arthrogryposis and indicate an enhanced actin affinity mechanism
TLDR
The first models of myosin-based DA1 and DA2B using transgenic Drosophila melanogaster models provide insight into DA phenotypes in humans, suggesting that contractures arise from prolonged actomyosin interactions.
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