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Hypermethylation of CpG islands in the promoter regions is an important mechanism to silence the expression of many important genes in cancer. The hypermethylation status is passed to the daughter cells through the methylation of the newly synthesized DNA strand by 5-cytosine DNA methyltransferase (DNMT). We report herein that (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate(More)
Brain damage and disease involve activation of microglia and production of potentially neurotoxic molecules, but there are no treatments that effectively target their harmful properties. We present evidence that the small-conductance Ca2+/calmodulin-activated K+ channel KCNN4/ KCa3.1/SK4/IK1 is highly expressed in rat microglia and is a potential(More)
Amplitude decorrelation measurement is sensitive to transverse flow and immune to phase noise in comparison to Doppler and other phase-based approaches. However, the high axial resolution of OCT makes it very sensitive to the pulsatile bulk motion noise in the axial direction. To overcome this limitation, we developed split-spectrum amplitude-decorrelation(More)
Posttranscriptional regulation is a critical control point for the expression of genes that promote or retard tumor growth. We previously found that the mRNA-binding protein, ELAV 1 (HuR), is upregulated in primary brain tumors and stabilizes growth factor mRNAs such as VEGF and IL-8. To better understand the role of HuR in brain tumor growth, we altered(More)
To assess the association between the C to T transition in the methylenetetrahydro folate reductase gene (MTHFR C677T) and the C to T transition in the serine hydroxymethyltransferase 1 gene (SHMT 1 C1420T) and the increased risk of carcinogenesis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (GCA) in a population of high(More)
An A to G transition at the 181 base pair position upstream of the transcription initiation site of the matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7) gene (-181A/G) may modify the development and progression of some diseases via influencing the transcription activity of the promoter. To assess the effects of the functional single nucleotide polymorphism on cancer(More)
The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), a family of proteolytic enzymes that degrade different components of the extracellular matrix, play important roles in tumor development and invasion. A single adenine insertion/deletion polymorphism (6A/5A) in the MMP3 promoter region causes transcriptional elevation. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of(More)
Ethnic characteristics of the Asian upper eyelid include the lack of a superior palpebral fold, excessive fat, laxity of pretarsal skin, and a medial epicanthal fold. We present the lazy S-curve epicanthoplasty for correction of the medial epicanthal fold. The lazy S-curve incision was made as an entrance step. Then the connective and orbicularis oculi(More)
There is considerable interest in new methods for the assessment of retinal blood flow for the diagnosis of eye diseases. We present in vivo normal human volumetric retinal flow measurement using Fourier domain Doppler optical coherence tomography. We used a dual-plane scanning pattern to determine the angle between the blood flow and the scanning beam in(More)
The single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the promoter region of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) genes may influence tumor occurrence and progression via modifying mRNA transcription and protein expression. The study aims to explore the association of the SNPs in MMP-1, 3 and MMP-9 promoters with susceptibility to adult brain astrocytoma in northern(More)