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HCV infection is often associated with B-cell regulatory control disturbance and delayed appearance of neutralizing antibodies. CD81 is a cellular receptor for HCV and can bind to HCV envelope protein 2 (E2). CD81 also participates to form a B cell costimulatory complex. To investigate whether HCV influences B cell activation and immune function through E2(More)
High genetic heterogeneity is an important characteristic of hepatitis C virus (HCV) that contributes to its ability to establish persistent infection. The hypervariable region 1 (HVR1) that includes the first 27 amino acid residues of the E2 envelope glycoprotein is the most variable region within the HCV polyprotein. HVR1 plays a major role in both HCV(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is an enveloped RNA virus belonging to the Flaviviridae family. It infects mainly human hepatocytes and causes chronic liver diseases, including cirrhosis and cancer. HCV encodes two envelope proteins, E1 and E2, that form a heterodimer and mediate virus entry. While E2 has been extensively studied, less has been done so for E1, and(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the feasibility of induction of neutralization antibodies against hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection by HCV envelope 2 protein (E2) DNA vaccines immunization. METHODS Two kinds of expression plasmids of HCV envelope 2 protein, plasmid pCI-1b661 Delta encoding hydrophobic carboxyl terminal truncated E2 and pCI-1b661 Delta encoding E2(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related research has been hampered by the lack of appropriate small-animal models. It has been reported that tree shrews, or tupaias (Tupaia belangeri), can be infected with serum-derived HCV. However, these reports do not firmly establish the tupaia as a reliable model of HCV infection. Human CD81, scavenger receptor class B type I(More)
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