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Glatiramer acetate (GA) is a disease-modifying therapy for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) with several putative mechanisms of action. Currently, there is paucity of in vivo human data linking the well-established peripheral immunologic effects of therapy with GA to its potential effects inside the central nervous system (CNS). Brain proton(More)
Despite intense investigation, human replication origins and termini remain elusive. Existing data have shown strong discrepancies. Here we sequenced highly purified Okazaki fragments from two cell types and, for the first time, quantitated replication fork directionality and delineated initiation and termination zones genome-wide. Replication initiates(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Evaluate proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) for assessing and grading brain tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS The research was done at Detroit Medical Center in a 1.5-T Siemens MR magnet using single-voxel or multivoxel MRS. This study consisted of 27 patients: 10 females and 17 males ages 22-83 years (average age(More)
We treated traumatic brain injury (TBI) with human bone marrow stromal cells (hMSCs) and evaluated the effect of treatment on white matter reorganization using MRI. We subjected male Wistar rats (n = 17) to controlled cortical impact and either withheld treatment (controls; n = 9) or inserted collagen scaffolds containing hMSCs (n = 8). Six weeks later, the(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a prevalent disease, and many TBI patients experience disturbed cerebral blood flow (CBF) after injury. Moreover, TBI is difficult to quantify with conventional imaging modalities. In this paper, we utilized susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) as a means to monitor functional blood oxygenation changes and to quantify CBF(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) are the most malignant among brain tumors. They are frequently refractory to chemotherapy and radiotherapy with mean patient survival of approximately 6 months, despite surgical intervention. The highly glycolytic nature of glioblastomas describes their propensity to metabolize glucose to lactic acid at an elevated rate. To(More)
In the context of the renewed interest of peptides as therapeutics, it is important to have an on-line resource for 3D structure prediction of peptides with well-defined structures in aqueous solution. We present an updated version of PEP-FOLD allowing the treatment of both linear and disulphide bonded cyclic peptides with 9-36 amino acids. The server makes(More)
Glatiramer acetate (GA) has several putative mechanisms of action with the potential of limiting sublethal axonal injury in the central nervous system (CNS). Brain proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) allows in vivo examination of axonal integrity by quantifying the neuronal marker N-acetylaspartate (NAA), often expressed as a ratio to creatine(More)
OBJECTIVES Traumatic brain injury is a poly-pathology characterized by changes in the cerebral blood flow, inflammation, diffuse axonal, cellular, and vascular injuries. However, studies related to understanding the temporal changes in the cerebral blood flow following traumatic brain injury extending to sub-acute periods are limited. In addition, knowledge(More)
Pulmonary deposition of inhaled drugs in ventilated neonates has not been studied in vivo. The objective of this study was to evaluate pulmonary delivery of gadopentetate dimeglumine (Gd-DTPA) following nebulization in ventilated piglets using magnetic resonance imaging. Seven ventilated piglets (5 +/- 2 d old, weight 1.8 +/- 0.5 kg) were scanned in the(More)