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BACKGROUND & AIMS The GLOBE trial has compared the efficacy and safety of telbivudine versus lamivudine treatment over 2 years in patients with chronic hepatitis B. METHODS Hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive (n = 921) and HBeAg-negative (n = 446) patients received telbivudine or lamivudine once daily for 104 weeks. The primary outcome, assessed in the(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of HBeAg-positive patients with chronic hepatitis B is not effective in most. A combination of immunomodulatory pegylated interferon alfa-2b and antiviral lamivudine might improve the rate of sustained response. METHODS 307 HBeAg-positive patients with chronic hepatitis B were assigned combination therapy (100 microg/week pegylated(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic infection with hepatitis B virus and hepatitis delta virus (HDV) results in the most severe form of viral hepatitis. There is no currently approved treatment. We investigated the safety and efficacy of 48 weeks of treatment with peginterferon alfa-2a plus adefovir dipivoxil, peginterferon alfa-2a alone, and adefovir dipivoxil alone. (More)
In this study, two cases of biopsy-proven pancreatic tuberculosis are reported. The patients presented with fever, anorexia, fatigue, abdominal pain and weight loss. A differential diagnosis of fever of unknown origin was conducted. Computed tomography (CT) revealed a cystic mass image in the pancreatic head in one patient, and a hypodense lesion in the(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term sustainability of response in patients with hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive chronic hepatitis B treated with pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) alpha-2b alone or in combination with lamivudine. METHODS All 266 patients enrolled in the HBV99-01 study were offered participation in a(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS It was recently demonstrated that none of the hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-negative patients without any serum hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) decline and with <2log hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA decline at week 12 of a 48-week peginterferon alfa-2a (PEG-IFN) treatment course achieved a sustained response (SR). We aimed at validating(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS To investigate the efficacy of the combined therapy of lamivudine (LAM) plus alpha interferon (IFN) and LAM monotherapy in HBeAg negative chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients who were unresponsive to previous IFN monotherapy, and the incidence of YMDD mutations. PATIENTS-METHODS Forty-five HBeAg negative patients were enrolled in(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The sexual transmission of hepatitis C virus (HCV) is debated. By excluding other risk factors, the role of sexual intercourse in the transmission could be detected more accurately. We screened HCV prevalence and risk factors in the spouses of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients and followed the seroconversion rate of anti-HCV negative(More)
BACKGROUND There is little information about the prevalence of occult hepatitis B virus infection (OHBVI). We have investigated the prevalence and virological features of OHBVI among female sex workers (FSWs) in Istanbul. METHODS Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) was tested in FSWs who work uncontrolled and were admitted to Venereal Diseases Hospital.(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS A limited number of patients with hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive chronic hepatitis B respond to treatment with peginterferon alfa (PEG-IFN). We investigated whether IL28B genotypes are associated with response. METHODS We studied 205 HBeAg-positive patients who were treated with PEG-IFN (some were also treated with lamivudine) at(More)