Yiling J. Cheng

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CONTEXT The prevalence of diabetes in the United States has increased. People with diabetes are at risk for diabetic retinopathy. No recent national population-based estimate of the prevalence and severity of diabetic retinopathy exists. OBJECTIVES To describe the prevalence and risk factors of diabetic retinopathy among US adults with diabetes aged 40(More)
CONTEXT Prevalence of obesity in the United States has increased dramatically in recent decades, but the magnitude of change in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors among the growing proportion of overweight and obese Americans remains unknown. OBJECTIVE To examine 40-year trends in CVD risk factors by body mass index (BMI) groups among US adults(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) death rates declined between 1997 and 2006, a period of continued advances in treatment approaches and risk factor control, among U.S. adults with and without diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We compared 3-year death rates of four consecutive nationally representative samples(More)
BACKGROUND It is unknown whether the previously recognized disparities in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors related to annual income and educational level have diminished, persisted, or worsened in recent decades. The objective of this study was to examine 31-year trends in CVD risk factors by annual income and educational levels among US adults. (More)
OBJECTIVE To quantify the relation of fitness to mortality among men with diabetes, adjusted for BMI and within levels of BMI. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In this observational cohort study, we calculated all-cause death rates in men with diabetes across quartiles of fitness and BMI categories. Study participants were 2,196 men with diabetes (average age(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the association of A1C levels and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) with diabetic retinopathy in the U.S. population and to compare the ability of the two glycemic measures to discriminate between people with and without retinopathy. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This study included 1,066 individuals aged >or=40 years from the 2005-2006(More)
Arthritis is the most common cause of disability among U.S. adults and is particularly common among persons with multiple chronic conditions. In 2003, arthritis in the United States resulted in an estimated $128 billion in medical-care costs and lost earnings. To update previous U.S. estimates of the prevalence of doctor-diagnosed arthritis and(More)
BACKGROUND Simple prediction scores could help identify adults at high risk for diabetes. OBJECTIVE To derive and validate scoring systems by using longitudinal data from a study that repeatedly tested for incident diabetes. DESIGN Prospective cohort, divided into derivation and validation samples. SETTING The ARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in(More)
OBJECTIVE Using a nationally representative sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized U.S. population, we estimated prediabetes prevalence and its changes during 1999-2010. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Data were from 19,182 nonpregnant individuals aged ≥ 12 years who participated in the 1999-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. We(More)
IMPORTANCE Although the prevalence and incidence of diabetes have increased in the United States in recent decades, no studies have systematically examined long-term, national trends in the prevalence and incidence of diagnosed diabetes. OBJECTIVE To examine long-term trends in the prevalence and incidence of diagnosed diabetes to determine whether there(More)