Learn More
To reach the mammalian gut, enteric bacteria must pass through the stomach. Many such organisms survive exposure to the harsh gastric environment (pH 1.5-4) by mounting extreme acid-resistance responses, one of which, the arginine-dependent system of Escherichia coli, has been studied at levels of cellular physiology, molecular genetics and protein(More)
The arginine-dependent extreme acid resistance response of Escherichia coli operates by decarboxylating arginine. AdiC, a membrane antiporter, catalyzes arginine influx coupled to efflux of the decarboxylation product agmatine, effectively exporting a proton in each turnover. Using the adiC coding sequence under control of a tetracycline promoter in an E.(More)
The arginine-dependent extreme acid resistance system helps enteric bacteria survive the harsh gastric environment. At the center of this multiprotein system is an arginine-agmatine antiporter, AdiC. To maintain cytoplasmic pH, AdiC imports arginine and exports its decarboxylated product, agmatine, resulting in a net extrusion of one "virtual proton" in(More)
Apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I, 243 amino acids) is the major protein of high-density lipoproteins (HDL) that plays an important structural and functional role in lipid transport and metabolism. The central region of apoA-I (residues 60-183) is predicted to contain exclusively amphipathic alpha-helices formed from tandem 22-mer sequence repeats. To analyze the(More)
Apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) plays an important structural and functional role in lipid transport and metabolism. This work is focused on the central region of apoA-I (residues 60-183) that is predicted to contain exclusively amphipathic alpha-helices. Six N- and/or C-terminally truncated mutants, delta(1-41), delta(1-59), delta(198-243), delta(209-243),(More)
Determination of crystal structures of membrane proteins is often limited by difficulties obtaining crystals diffracting to high resolution. Co-crystallization with Fab fragments of monoclonal antibodies has been reported to improve diffraction of membrane proteins crystals. However, it is not simple to generate useful monoclonal antibodies for membrane(More)
  • 1